miR-330 suppresses EMT and induces apoptosis by downregulating HMGA2 in human colorectal cancer

Behzad Mansoori, Ali Mohammadi, Sanaz Naghizadeh, Morten Gjerstorff, Dariush Shanehbandi, Solmaz Shirjang, Souzan Najafi, Uffe Holmskov, Vahid Khaze, Pascal H G Duijf, Behzad Baradaran

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important molecular regulatorsof cellular signaling and behavior. They alter gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs, including those encoding transcriptional regulators, such as HMGA2. While HMGA2 is oncogenic in various tumors, miRNAs may be oncogenic or tumor suppressive. Here, we investigate the expression of HMGA2 and the miRNA miR-330 in a patient with colorectal cancer (CRC) samples and their effects on oncogenic cellular phenotypes. We found that HMGA2 expression is increased and miR-330 expression is decreased in CRCs and each predicts poor long-term patient survival. Stably increased miR-330 expression in human colorectal cancer cells (HCT116) and SW480 CRC cell lines downregulate the oncogenic expression of HMGA2, a predicted miR-330 target. Additionally, this promotes apoptosis and decreases cell migration and viability. Consistently, it also decreases protein-level expression of markers for epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition (Snail-1, E-cadherin, and Vascular endothelial growth factor receptors) and transforming growth factor β signaling (SMAD3), as well as phospho- Protein kinase B (AKT) and phospho-STAT3 levels. We conclude that miR-330 acts as a tumor suppressor miRNA in CRC by suppressing HMGA2 expression and reducing cell survival, proliferation, and migration. Thus, we identify miR-330 as a promising candidate for miRNA replacement therapy for patients with CRC.

TidsskriftJournal of Cellular Physiology
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)920-931
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2020

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© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


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