Measuring Spiritual Needs in a Secular Society: Validation and Clinimetric Properties of the Danish 20-Item Spiritual Needs Questionnaire

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Abstract

In secular cultures, such as Denmark, tools to measure spiritual needs are warranted to guide existential and spiritual care. We examined the clinimetric properties of the Danish version of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (DA-SpNQ-20) based on a digital survey in a test–retest setup. A convenience sample was reached via social media and student platforms. A total of 325 (148 for retest) respondents were included in the analysis. The sample was randomly split into two groups (A and B) and used for exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) by structural equation modeling, respectively. SpNQ dimensions had an internal consistency with Cronbach’s alpha between 0.73 and 0.93. The four factors of the SpNQ were supported by both EFA and CFA as follows: religious needs, existential needs, inner peace needs, and generativity needs. The instrument showed good internal consistency, good test–retest reliability, and acceptable structural validity in the sample of relatively young and healthy persons.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Religion and Health
Vol/bind61
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)3542-3565
ISSN0022-4197
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The paper was supported by the Danish Cancer Society (R247-A14755), The Jascha Foundation (ID 3610), The Lung Foundation, AgeCare, and the University of Southern Denmark.

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