Measuring mental well-being in Denmark: Validation of the original and short version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS and SWEMWBS) and cross-cultural comparison across four European settings

Vibeke Koushede, Mathias Lasgaard, Carsten Hinrichsen, Charlotte Riebeling Meilstrup, Line Nielsen, Signe Lynne Boe Rayce, Manuel Torres-Sahli, Dora Gudrun Gudmundsdottir, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Ziggi Ivan Santini

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Resumé

This study examined the psychometric properties of the Danish WEMWBS and its short version (SWEMWBS) in a Danish population sample, and compared scores in Denmark with scores representative of three other European settings. A total of 3,508 Danish men and women aged 16–95 filled out an electronic survey. Face validity was examined by cognitive interviews. Content validity was assessed by examining response distributions and construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance, and relations to other or similar measures. Overall mental well-being scores were calculated, as well as stratified by sex and age. Support was found for the single-factor hypothesis, yielding good model fits for both versions of the scale. Both scales have high internal consistency. Correlations with mental health measures were largely in line with expectations. The highest mental well-being scores were reported for Catalonia, followed by Denmark, Iceland, and England. The (S)WEMWBS appear to be appropriate instruments to measure mental well-being in the Danish population. The present findings encourage the use of the scales, particularly SWEMWBS, in epidemiological, intervention and evaluation studies in research and practice. Cross-cultural comparisons like the one reported here may be essential to inform international mental health policy.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPsychiatry Research
Vol/bind271
Udgave nummerJanuary
Sider (fra-til)502-509
ISSN0165-1781
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Citer dette

Koushede, Vibeke ; Lasgaard, Mathias ; Hinrichsen, Carsten ; Meilstrup, Charlotte Riebeling ; Nielsen, Line ; Rayce, Signe Lynne Boe ; Torres-Sahli, Manuel ; Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun ; Stewart-Brown, Sarah ; Santini, Ziggi Ivan. / Measuring mental well-being in Denmark: Validation of the original and short version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS and SWEMWBS) and cross-cultural comparison across four European settings. I: Psychiatry Research. 2019 ; Bind 271, Nr. January. s. 502-509.
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title = "Measuring mental well-being in Denmark: Validation of the original and short version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS and SWEMWBS) and cross-cultural comparison across four European settings",
abstract = "This study examined the psychometric properties of the Danish WEMWBS and its short version (SWEMWBS) in a Danish population sample, and compared scores in Denmark with scores representative of three other European settings. A total of 3,508 Danish men and women aged 16–95 filled out an electronic survey. Face validity was examined by cognitive interviews. Content validity was assessed by examining response distributions and construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance, and relations to other or similar measures. Overall mental well-being scores were calculated, as well as stratified by sex and age. Support was found for the single-factor hypothesis, yielding good model fits for both versions of the scale. Both scales have high internal consistency. Correlations with mental health measures were largely in line with expectations. The highest mental well-being scores were reported for Catalonia, followed by Denmark, Iceland, and England. The (S)WEMWBS appear to be appropriate instruments to measure mental well-being in the Danish population. The present findings encourage the use of the scales, particularly SWEMWBS, in epidemiological, intervention and evaluation studies in research and practice. Cross-cultural comparisons like the one reported here may be essential to inform international mental health policy.",
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author = "Vibeke Koushede and Mathias Lasgaard and Carsten Hinrichsen and Meilstrup, {Charlotte Riebeling} and Line Nielsen and Rayce, {Signe Lynne Boe} and Manuel Torres-Sahli and Gudmundsdottir, {Dora Gudrun} and Sarah Stewart-Brown and Santini, {Ziggi Ivan}",
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Measuring mental well-being in Denmark: Validation of the original and short version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS and SWEMWBS) and cross-cultural comparison across four European settings. / Koushede, Vibeke; Lasgaard, Mathias; Hinrichsen, Carsten; Meilstrup, Charlotte Riebeling; Nielsen, Line; Rayce, Signe Lynne Boe; Torres-Sahli, Manuel; Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun; Stewart-Brown, Sarah; Santini, Ziggi Ivan.

I: Psychiatry Research, Bind 271, Nr. January, 2019, s. 502-509.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring mental well-being in Denmark: Validation of the original and short version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS and SWEMWBS) and cross-cultural comparison across four European settings

AU - Koushede, Vibeke

AU - Lasgaard, Mathias

AU - Hinrichsen, Carsten

AU - Meilstrup, Charlotte Riebeling

AU - Nielsen, Line

AU - Rayce, Signe Lynne Boe

AU - Torres-Sahli, Manuel

AU - Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun

AU - Stewart-Brown, Sarah

AU - Santini, Ziggi Ivan

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - This study examined the psychometric properties of the Danish WEMWBS and its short version (SWEMWBS) in a Danish population sample, and compared scores in Denmark with scores representative of three other European settings. A total of 3,508 Danish men and women aged 16–95 filled out an electronic survey. Face validity was examined by cognitive interviews. Content validity was assessed by examining response distributions and construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance, and relations to other or similar measures. Overall mental well-being scores were calculated, as well as stratified by sex and age. Support was found for the single-factor hypothesis, yielding good model fits for both versions of the scale. Both scales have high internal consistency. Correlations with mental health measures were largely in line with expectations. The highest mental well-being scores were reported for Catalonia, followed by Denmark, Iceland, and England. The (S)WEMWBS appear to be appropriate instruments to measure mental well-being in the Danish population. The present findings encourage the use of the scales, particularly SWEMWBS, in epidemiological, intervention and evaluation studies in research and practice. Cross-cultural comparisons like the one reported here may be essential to inform international mental health policy.

AB - This study examined the psychometric properties of the Danish WEMWBS and its short version (SWEMWBS) in a Danish population sample, and compared scores in Denmark with scores representative of three other European settings. A total of 3,508 Danish men and women aged 16–95 filled out an electronic survey. Face validity was examined by cognitive interviews. Content validity was assessed by examining response distributions and construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance, and relations to other or similar measures. Overall mental well-being scores were calculated, as well as stratified by sex and age. Support was found for the single-factor hypothesis, yielding good model fits for both versions of the scale. Both scales have high internal consistency. Correlations with mental health measures were largely in line with expectations. The highest mental well-being scores were reported for Catalonia, followed by Denmark, Iceland, and England. The (S)WEMWBS appear to be appropriate instruments to measure mental well-being in the Danish population. The present findings encourage the use of the scales, particularly SWEMWBS, in epidemiological, intervention and evaluation studies in research and practice. Cross-cultural comparisons like the one reported here may be essential to inform international mental health policy.

KW - Measurement

KW - Mental health

KW - Mental well-being

KW - Public health

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.003

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.003

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30551082

VL - 271

SP - 502

EP - 509

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - January

ER -