Manual for the differentiation of captive-produced and wild-caught turtles and tortoises (Testudines)

Johanna Stärk*, Rita Silva, Lionel Jouvet (Medlem af forfattergruppering), Peter Paul van Dijk, Beate Pfau, Ioanna Alexiadou, Dalia Amor Conde

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportRapportRådgivning

Resumé

Annually, about 865,000 specimens of live tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines) listed in the Appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) are legally traded. The vast majority of those originate from captive-breeding and ranching facilities (CITES, CoP17 Doc. 73). CITES requires documentation of the source of a specimen and applies strict conditions that have to be met when a specimen is declared as produced in captivity. The high number of transactions of specimens claimed to be produced in captivity, however, has raised concerns about the potential misuse of source codes. Claims of commercial captive-breeding (source code C) is especially questionable for many turtles and tortoises as it requires considerable amounts of money and expertise and many turtles and tortoises grow slowly and mature late, making commercial captive-breeding unprofitable (Nijman & Shepherd, 2009; TRAFFIC, 2013). Custom officers and inspection officials are challenged to identify misuse of source codes, given the high numbers of exports and imports. The aim of this manual is therefore to provide guidance for inspection officials and customs officers and CITES Management and Scientific Authorities to aid in the identification of potential misuse of source codes.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
ForlagSpecies360
Antal sider28
Rekvirerende organisationConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Fingeraftryk

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
Testudines
tortoises
turtles
breeding
ranching
imports
flora
fauna

Citer dette

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abstract = "Annually, about 865,000 specimens of live tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines) listed in the Appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) are legally traded. The vast majority of those originate from captive-breeding and ranching facilities (CITES, CoP17 Doc. 73). CITES requires documentation of the source of a specimen and applies strict conditions that have to be met when a specimen is declared as produced in captivity. The high number of transactions of specimens claimed to be produced in captivity, however, has raised concerns about the potential misuse of source codes. Claims of commercial captive-breeding (source code C) is especially questionable for many turtles and tortoises as it requires considerable amounts of money and expertise and many turtles and tortoises grow slowly and mature late, making commercial captive-breeding unprofitable (Nijman & Shepherd, 2009; TRAFFIC, 2013). Custom officers and inspection officials are challenged to identify misuse of source codes, given the high numbers of exports and imports. The aim of this manual is therefore to provide guidance for inspection officials and customs officers and CITES Management and Scientific Authorities to aid in the identification of potential misuse of source codes.",
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author = "Johanna St{\"a}rk and Rita Silva and Lionel Jouvet and {van Dijk}, {Peter Paul} and Beate Pfau and Ioanna Alexiadou and Conde, {Dalia Amor}",
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Manual for the differentiation of captive-produced and wild-caught turtles and tortoises (Testudines). / Stärk, Johanna; Silva, Rita; Jouvet, Lionel (Medlem af forfattergruppering); van Dijk, Peter Paul ; Pfau, Beate ; Alexiadou, Ioanna; Conde, Dalia Amor.

Species360, 2019. 28 s.

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportRapportRådgivning

TY - RPRT

T1 - Manual for the differentiation of captive-produced and wild-caught turtles and tortoises (Testudines)

AU - Stärk, Johanna

AU - Silva, Rita

AU - van Dijk, Peter Paul

AU - Pfau, Beate

AU - Alexiadou, Ioanna

AU - Conde, Dalia Amor

A2 - Jouvet, Lionel

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Annually, about 865,000 specimens of live tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines) listed in the Appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) are legally traded. The vast majority of those originate from captive-breeding and ranching facilities (CITES, CoP17 Doc. 73). CITES requires documentation of the source of a specimen and applies strict conditions that have to be met when a specimen is declared as produced in captivity. The high number of transactions of specimens claimed to be produced in captivity, however, has raised concerns about the potential misuse of source codes. Claims of commercial captive-breeding (source code C) is especially questionable for many turtles and tortoises as it requires considerable amounts of money and expertise and many turtles and tortoises grow slowly and mature late, making commercial captive-breeding unprofitable (Nijman & Shepherd, 2009; TRAFFIC, 2013). Custom officers and inspection officials are challenged to identify misuse of source codes, given the high numbers of exports and imports. The aim of this manual is therefore to provide guidance for inspection officials and customs officers and CITES Management and Scientific Authorities to aid in the identification of potential misuse of source codes.

AB - Annually, about 865,000 specimens of live tortoises and freshwater turtles (Testudines) listed in the Appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) are legally traded. The vast majority of those originate from captive-breeding and ranching facilities (CITES, CoP17 Doc. 73). CITES requires documentation of the source of a specimen and applies strict conditions that have to be met when a specimen is declared as produced in captivity. The high number of transactions of specimens claimed to be produced in captivity, however, has raised concerns about the potential misuse of source codes. Claims of commercial captive-breeding (source code C) is especially questionable for many turtles and tortoises as it requires considerable amounts of money and expertise and many turtles and tortoises grow slowly and mature late, making commercial captive-breeding unprofitable (Nijman & Shepherd, 2009; TRAFFIC, 2013). Custom officers and inspection officials are challenged to identify misuse of source codes, given the high numbers of exports and imports. The aim of this manual is therefore to provide guidance for inspection officials and customs officers and CITES Management and Scientific Authorities to aid in the identification of potential misuse of source codes.

KW - Trade

KW - Turtles

KW - Tortoises

KW - CITES

KW - captive breeding

M3 - Report

BT - Manual for the differentiation of captive-produced and wild-caught turtles and tortoises (Testudines)

PB - Species360

ER -