Low oxygen eddies in the eastern tropical North Atlantic: Implications for N2O cycling

D. S. Grundle*, C. R. Löscher, G. Krahmann, M. A. Altabet, H. W. Bange, J. Karstensen, A. Körtzinger, B. Fiedler

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Abstrakt

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a climate relevant trace gas, and its production in the ocean generally increases under suboxic conditions. The Atlantic Ocean is well ventilated, and unlike the major oxygen minimum zones (OMZ) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, dissolved oxygen and N2O concentrations in the Atlantic OMZ are relatively high and low, respectively. This study, however, demonstrates that recently discovered low oxygen eddies in the eastern tropical North Atlantic (ETNA) can produce N2O concentrations much higher (up to 115 nmol L-1) than those previously reported for the Atlantic Ocean, and which are within the range of the highest concentrations found in the open-ocean OMZs of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. N2O isotope and isotopomer signatures, as well as molecular genetic results, also point towards a major shift in the N2O cycling pathway in the core of the low oxygen eddy discussed here, and we report the first evidence for potential N2O cycling via the denitrification pathway in the open Atlantic Ocean. Finally, we consider the implications of low oxygen eddies for bulk, upper water column N2O at the regional scale, and point out the possible need for a reevaluation of how we view N2O cycling in the ETNA.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer4806
TidsskriftScientific Reports
Vol/bind7
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider10
ISSN2045-2322
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

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    Author Correction: Low oxygen eddies in the eastern tropical North Atlantic: Implications for NO cycling

    Grundle, D. S., Löscher, C. R., Krahmann, G., Altabet, M. A., Bange, H. W., Karstensen, J., Körtzinger, A. & Fiedler, B., 2018, I : Scientific Reports. 8, 1, s. 4063 4063.

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    Grundle, D. S., Löscher, C. R., Krahmann, G., Altabet, M. A., Bange, H. W., Karstensen, J., Körtzinger, A., & Fiedler, B. (2017). Low oxygen eddies in the eastern tropical North Atlantic: Implications for N2O cycling. Scientific Reports, 7(1), [4806]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04745-y