Low nitrous oxide production through nitrifier-denitrification in intermittent-feed high-rate nitritation reactors

Qingxian Su, Chun Ma, Carlos Domingo Felez, Anne Sofie Kiil, Bo Thamdrup, Marlene Mark Jensen, Barth F. Smets

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Nitrous oxide (N2O) production from autotrophic nitrogen conversion processes, especially nitritation systems, can be significant, requires understanding and calls for mitigation. In this study, the rates and pathways of N2O production were quantified in two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors operated with intermittent feeding and demonstrating long-term and high-rate nitritation. The resulting reactor biomass was highly enriched in ammonia-oxidizing bacteria, and converted ∼93 ± 14% of the oxidized ammonium to nitrite. The low DO set-point combined with intermittent feeding was sufficient to maintain high nitritation efficiency and high nitritation rates at 20–26 °C over a period of ∼300 days. Even at the high nitritation efficiencies, net N2O production was low (∼2% of the oxidized ammonium). Net N2O production rates transiently increased with a rise in pH after each feeding, suggesting a potential effect of pH on N2O production. In situ application of 15N labeled substrates revealed nitrifier denitrification as the dominant pathway of N2O production. Our study highlights operational conditions that minimize N2O emission from two-stage autotrophic nitrogen removal systems.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWater Research
Vol/bind123
Sider (fra-til)429-438
ISSN0043-1354
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

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