Louis Dumont: Verdensforsagelse, hierarki og renhed

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Abstrakt

This brief article reviews two main contributions by the French sociologist Louis Dumont, his essay "World Renunciation in Indian Religions" and his major work on the Indian caste system, Homo Hierarchicus. Some of the critique of Dumont's ideas about renunciation, hierarchy and purity is discussed with special focus on three points: (1) The creative role of renunciation in the history of Hinduism; (2) the Indian caste system as a hierarchy regulated according to ritual purity and the alternative model by A. M. Hocart of the Indian society as a ritual organization; and (3) theoretical discussions regarding the need to go beyond the purity-impurity dichotomy and integrate another opposition, that between the auspicious and the inauspicious, in order to develop a more precise analytical tool in the research of Hindu culture.

OriginalsprogDansk
Artikelnummer2
TidsskriftReligionsvidenskabeligt Tidsskrift
Vol/bind67
Sider (fra-til)20-31
Antal sider12
ISSN0108-1993
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

Emneord

  • Louis Dumont
  • Kaste
  • Verdensforsagelse
  • Hinduisme
  • Rent-urent
  • Lykke-ulykkesvarslende
  • A.M. Hocart
  • Frédérique Apffel Marglin
  • Renunciation
  • Auspicious-inauspicious dichotomy
  • Arthur Maurice Hocart
  • Hinduism
  • Caste
  • Pure-impure dichotomy

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