Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters

Krzysztof Karbownik, Anthony Wray

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

We explore whether fetal and postnatal exposure to tropical cyclones affects education and income in adulthood by using World War I draft records linked to census data. Difference-in-differences estimates indicate that white males born in hurricane-prone US states who experienced a hurricane in utero or as infants had 5% lower income. Labor force participation was unaffected, while education and migration account for a small portion of the effects on income. Empirical tests suggest the persistent impact of damage is an unlikely channel. Thus, we attribute the findings to lower health capital stemming from temporary disruption in the aftermath of storms.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Labor Economics
Vol/bind37
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)949–1007
ISSN0734-306X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Natural disasters
Income
Hurricanes
Education
Damage
Labor force participation
World War I
Low income
Census data
U.S. States
Empirical test
Draft
Health capital
Disruption
Difference-in-differences

Citer dette

Karbownik, Krzysztof ; Wray, Anthony. / Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters. I: Journal of Labor Economics. 2019 ; Bind 37, Nr. 3. s. 949–1007.
@article{4b7c9d30c7394d3d94ade27bc4fc7925,
title = "Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters",
abstract = "We explore whether fetal and postnatal exposure to tropical cyclones affects education and income in adulthood by using World War I draft records linked to census data. Difference-in-differences estimates indicate that white males born in hurricane-prone US states who experienced a hurricane in utero or as infants had 5{\%} lower income. Labor force participation was unaffected, while education and migration account for a small portion of the effects on income. Empirical tests suggest the persistent impact of damage is an unlikely channel. Thus, we attribute the findings to lower health capital stemming from temporary disruption in the aftermath of storms.",
author = "Krzysztof Karbownik and Anthony Wray",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1086/702652",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "949–1007",
journal = "Journal of Labor Economics",
issn = "0734-306X",
publisher = "University of Chicago Press",
number = "3",

}

Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters. / Karbownik, Krzysztof; Wray, Anthony.

I: Journal of Labor Economics, Bind 37, Nr. 3, 07.2019, s. 949–1007.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters

AU - Karbownik, Krzysztof

AU - Wray, Anthony

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - We explore whether fetal and postnatal exposure to tropical cyclones affects education and income in adulthood by using World War I draft records linked to census data. Difference-in-differences estimates indicate that white males born in hurricane-prone US states who experienced a hurricane in utero or as infants had 5% lower income. Labor force participation was unaffected, while education and migration account for a small portion of the effects on income. Empirical tests suggest the persistent impact of damage is an unlikely channel. Thus, we attribute the findings to lower health capital stemming from temporary disruption in the aftermath of storms.

AB - We explore whether fetal and postnatal exposure to tropical cyclones affects education and income in adulthood by using World War I draft records linked to census data. Difference-in-differences estimates indicate that white males born in hurricane-prone US states who experienced a hurricane in utero or as infants had 5% lower income. Labor force participation was unaffected, while education and migration account for a small portion of the effects on income. Empirical tests suggest the persistent impact of damage is an unlikely channel. Thus, we attribute the findings to lower health capital stemming from temporary disruption in the aftermath of storms.

U2 - 10.1086/702652

DO - 10.1086/702652

M3 - Journal article

VL - 37

SP - 949

EP - 1007

JO - Journal of Labor Economics

JF - Journal of Labor Economics

SN - 0734-306X

IS - 3

ER -