Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents

Jordan A Carlson, Jasper Schipperijn, Jacqueline Kerr, Brian E Saelens, Loki Natarajan, Lawrence D Frank, Karen Glanz, Terry L Conway, Jim E Chapman, Kelli L Cain, James F Sallis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

OBJECTIVES: To compare adolescents' physical activity at home, near home, at school, near school, and at other locations.

METHODS: Adolescents (N = 549) were ages 12 to 16 years (49.9% girls, 31.3% nonwhite or Hispanic) from 447 census block groups in 2 US regions. Accelerometers and Global Positioning System devices assessed minutes of and proportion of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in each of the 5 locations. Mixed-effects regression compared MVPA across locations and demographic factors.

RESULTS: Forty-two percent of adolescents' overall MVPA occurred at school, 18.7% at home, 18.3% in other (nonhome, nonschool) locations, and 20.6% near home or school. Youth had 10 more minutes (30% more) of overall MVPA on school days than on nonschool days. However, the percentage of location time spent in MVPA was lowest at school (4.8% on school days) and highest near home and near school (9.5%-10.4%). Girls had 2.6 to 5.5 fewer minutes per day of MVPA than boys in all locations except near school.

CONCLUSIONS: Although a majority of adolescents' physical activity occurred at school, the low proportion of active time relative to the large amount of time spent at school suggests potential for increasing school-based activity. Increasing time spent in the neighborhood appears promising for increasing overall physical activity, because a high proportion of neighborhood time was active. Increasing youth physical activity to support metabolic health requires strategies for increasing use of physical activity-supportive locations (eg, neighborhoods) and environmental and program improvements in unsupportive locations (eg, schools, homes).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere20152430
TidsskriftPediatrics
Vol/bind137
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider12
ISSN0031-4005
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2016

Fingeraftryk

Exercise
Geographic Information Systems
Censuses
Equipment and Supplies
Health

Citer dette

Carlson, J. A., Schipperijn, J., Kerr, J., Saelens, B. E., Natarajan, L., Frank, L. D., ... Sallis, J. F. (2016). Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents. Pediatrics, 137(1), [e20152430]. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-2430
Carlson, Jordan A ; Schipperijn, Jasper ; Kerr, Jacqueline ; Saelens, Brian E ; Natarajan, Loki ; Frank, Lawrence D ; Glanz, Karen ; Conway, Terry L ; Chapman, Jim E ; Cain, Kelli L ; Sallis, James F. / Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents. I: Pediatrics. 2016 ; Bind 137, Nr. 1.
@article{31193d0b58d6458fba752b9591312362,
title = "Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To compare adolescents' physical activity at home, near home, at school, near school, and at other locations.METHODS: Adolescents (N = 549) were ages 12 to 16 years (49.9{\%} girls, 31.3{\%} nonwhite or Hispanic) from 447 census block groups in 2 US regions. Accelerometers and Global Positioning System devices assessed minutes of and proportion of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in each of the 5 locations. Mixed-effects regression compared MVPA across locations and demographic factors.RESULTS: Forty-two percent of adolescents' overall MVPA occurred at school, 18.7{\%} at home, 18.3{\%} in other (nonhome, nonschool) locations, and 20.6{\%} near home or school. Youth had 10 more minutes (30{\%} more) of overall MVPA on school days than on nonschool days. However, the percentage of location time spent in MVPA was lowest at school (4.8{\%} on school days) and highest near home and near school (9.5{\%}-10.4{\%}). Girls had 2.6 to 5.5 fewer minutes per day of MVPA than boys in all locations except near school.CONCLUSIONS: Although a majority of adolescents' physical activity occurred at school, the low proportion of active time relative to the large amount of time spent at school suggests potential for increasing school-based activity. Increasing time spent in the neighborhood appears promising for increasing overall physical activity, because a high proportion of neighborhood time was active. Increasing youth physical activity to support metabolic health requires strategies for increasing use of physical activity-supportive locations (eg, neighborhoods) and environmental and program improvements in unsupportive locations (eg, schools, homes).",
author = "Carlson, {Jordan A} and Jasper Schipperijn and Jacqueline Kerr and Saelens, {Brian E} and Loki Natarajan and Frank, {Lawrence D} and Karen Glanz and Conway, {Terry L} and Chapman, {Jim E} and Cain, {Kelli L} and Sallis, {James F}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2016 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1542/peds.2015-2430",
language = "English",
volume = "137",
journal = "Pediatrics",
issn = "0031-4005",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
number = "1",

}

Carlson, JA, Schipperijn, J, Kerr, J, Saelens, BE, Natarajan, L, Frank, LD, Glanz, K, Conway, TL, Chapman, JE, Cain, KL & Sallis, JF 2016, 'Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents', Pediatrics, bind 137, nr. 1, e20152430. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-2430

Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents. / Carlson, Jordan A; Schipperijn, Jasper; Kerr, Jacqueline; Saelens, Brian E; Natarajan, Loki; Frank, Lawrence D; Glanz, Karen; Conway, Terry L; Chapman, Jim E; Cain, Kelli L; Sallis, James F.

I: Pediatrics, Bind 137, Nr. 1, e20152430, 01.2016.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Locations of Physical Activity as Assessed by GPS in Young Adolescents

AU - Carlson, Jordan A

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

AU - Kerr, Jacqueline

AU - Saelens, Brian E

AU - Natarajan, Loki

AU - Frank, Lawrence D

AU - Glanz, Karen

AU - Conway, Terry L

AU - Chapman, Jim E

AU - Cain, Kelli L

AU - Sallis, James F

N1 - Copyright © 2016 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

PY - 2016/1

Y1 - 2016/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To compare adolescents' physical activity at home, near home, at school, near school, and at other locations.METHODS: Adolescents (N = 549) were ages 12 to 16 years (49.9% girls, 31.3% nonwhite or Hispanic) from 447 census block groups in 2 US regions. Accelerometers and Global Positioning System devices assessed minutes of and proportion of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in each of the 5 locations. Mixed-effects regression compared MVPA across locations and demographic factors.RESULTS: Forty-two percent of adolescents' overall MVPA occurred at school, 18.7% at home, 18.3% in other (nonhome, nonschool) locations, and 20.6% near home or school. Youth had 10 more minutes (30% more) of overall MVPA on school days than on nonschool days. However, the percentage of location time spent in MVPA was lowest at school (4.8% on school days) and highest near home and near school (9.5%-10.4%). Girls had 2.6 to 5.5 fewer minutes per day of MVPA than boys in all locations except near school.CONCLUSIONS: Although a majority of adolescents' physical activity occurred at school, the low proportion of active time relative to the large amount of time spent at school suggests potential for increasing school-based activity. Increasing time spent in the neighborhood appears promising for increasing overall physical activity, because a high proportion of neighborhood time was active. Increasing youth physical activity to support metabolic health requires strategies for increasing use of physical activity-supportive locations (eg, neighborhoods) and environmental and program improvements in unsupportive locations (eg, schools, homes).

AB - OBJECTIVES: To compare adolescents' physical activity at home, near home, at school, near school, and at other locations.METHODS: Adolescents (N = 549) were ages 12 to 16 years (49.9% girls, 31.3% nonwhite or Hispanic) from 447 census block groups in 2 US regions. Accelerometers and Global Positioning System devices assessed minutes of and proportion of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in each of the 5 locations. Mixed-effects regression compared MVPA across locations and demographic factors.RESULTS: Forty-two percent of adolescents' overall MVPA occurred at school, 18.7% at home, 18.3% in other (nonhome, nonschool) locations, and 20.6% near home or school. Youth had 10 more minutes (30% more) of overall MVPA on school days than on nonschool days. However, the percentage of location time spent in MVPA was lowest at school (4.8% on school days) and highest near home and near school (9.5%-10.4%). Girls had 2.6 to 5.5 fewer minutes per day of MVPA than boys in all locations except near school.CONCLUSIONS: Although a majority of adolescents' physical activity occurred at school, the low proportion of active time relative to the large amount of time spent at school suggests potential for increasing school-based activity. Increasing time spent in the neighborhood appears promising for increasing overall physical activity, because a high proportion of neighborhood time was active. Increasing youth physical activity to support metabolic health requires strategies for increasing use of physical activity-supportive locations (eg, neighborhoods) and environmental and program improvements in unsupportive locations (eg, schools, homes).

U2 - 10.1542/peds.2015-2430

DO - 10.1542/peds.2015-2430

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26647375

VL - 137

JO - Pediatrics

JF - Pediatrics

SN - 0031-4005

IS - 1

M1 - e20152430

ER -