Local destruction of superconductivity by non-magnetic impurities in mesoscopic iron-based superconductors

Jun Li*, Min Ji, Tobias Schwarz, Xiaoxing Ke, Gustaaf Van Tendeloo, Jie Yuan, Paulo J. Pereira, Ya Huang, Gufei Zhang, Hai Luke Feng, Ya Hua Yuan, Takeshi Hatano, Reinhold Kleiner, Dieter Koelle, Liviu F. Chibotaru, Kazunari Yamaura, Hua Bing Wang, Pei Heng Wu, Eiji Takayama-Muromachi, Johan VanackenVictor V. Moshchalkov

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Abstrakt

The determination of the pairing symmetry is one of the most crucial issues for the iron-based superconductors, for which various scenarios are discussed controversially. Non-magnetic impurity substitution is one of the most promising approaches to address the issue, because the pair-breaking mechanism from the non-magnetic impurities should be different for various models. Previous substitution experiments demonstrated that the non-magnetic zinc can suppress the superconductivity of various iron-based superconductors. Here we demonstrate the local destruction of superconductivity by non-magnetic zinc impurities in Ba0.5K0.5Fe2As2 by exploring phase-slip phenomena in a mesoscopic structure with 119 × 102 nm 2 cross-section. The impurities suppress superconductivity in a three-dimensional 'Swiss cheese'-like pattern with in-plane and out-of-plane characteristic lengths slightly below ∼1.34 nm. This causes the superconducting order parameter to vary along abundant narrow channels with effective cross-section of a few square nanometres. The local destruction of superconductivity can be related to Cooper pair breaking by non-magnetic impurities.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer7614
TidsskriftNature Communications
Vol/bind6
ISSN2041-1723
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 3. jul. 2015
Udgivet eksterntJa

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