Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen responsible for the disease listeriosis. It is ubiquitously found in the environment and soil is one of its natural habitats. Listeria monocytogenes is highly capable of coping with various stressful conditions. We hypothesized that stress-responsive two-component systems such as LisRK might contribute to the adaptation of L. monocytogenes to the soil environment. Indeed, investigations of the population dynamics of wild-type and mutant strains suggest an important role of LisRK for optimal fitness of L. monocytogenes in sterile soil. Results from non-sterile soil showed that the parental strain was capable of surviving longer than mutant strains lacking lisRK or genes encoding the LisRK-regulated LhrC small RNAs (sRNAs), suggesting that LisRK as well as the LhrC sRNAs were important for survival. Transcription of five LisRK-regulated genes was assessed after 1 h incubation in sterile soil. We observed that LisRK and the LhrC sRNAs contribute to the upregulation of lmo2522 in the soil environment. Notably, lmo2522 encodes an equivalent of the resuscitation promoting factors, Rpfs, in actinobacteria. Collectively, our study demonstrates that LisRK is important for growth and survival in sterile and non-sterile soil and suggests a role for LisRK-regulation of Lmo2522 in resuscitation from dormancy in the soil environment.