Lipidated Polyaza Crown Ethers as Membrane Anchors for DNA-Controlled Content Mixing between Liposomes

Philipp M.G. Löffler, Anders Højgaard Hansen, Oliver Ries, Ulla Jakobsen, Alexander Rabe, Kristian T. Sørensen, Kasper Glud, Stefan Vogel

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The ability to manipulate and fuse nano-compartmentalized volumes addresses a demand for spatiotemporal control in the field of synthetic biology, for example in the bottom-up construction of (bio)chemical nanoreactors and for the interrogation of enzymatic reactions in confined space. Herein, we mix entrapped sub-attoliter volumes of liposomes (~135 nm diameter) via lipid bilayer fusion, facilitated by the hybridization of membrane-anchored lipidated oligonucleotides. We report on an improved synthesis of the membrane-anchor phosphoramidites that allows for a flexible choice of lipophilic moiety. Lipid-nucleic acid conjugates (LiNAs) with and without triethylene glycol spacers between anchor and the 17 nt binding sequence were synthesized and their fusogenic potential evaluated. A fluorescence-based content mixing assay was employed for kinetic monitoring of fusion of the bulk liposome populations at different temperatures. Data obtained at 50 °C indicated a quantitative conversion of the limiting liposome population into fused liposomes and an unprecedently high initial fusion rate was observed. For most conditions and designs only low leakage during fusion was observed. These results consolidate LiNA-mediated membrane fusion as a robust platform for programming compartmentalized chemical and enzymatic reactions.

TidsskriftScientific Reports
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 25. sep. 2019


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