Objectives: We aimed to characterize the advanced NSCLC population in terms of KRAS G12C prevalence, patient characteristics, and survival outcomes after the introduction of immunotherapies. Materials and Methods: We identified adult patients diagnosed with advanced NSCLC between January 1, 2018 and June 30, 2021 using the Danish health registries. Patients were grouped by mutational status (any KRAS mutation, KRAS G12C, and KRAS/EGFR/ALK wildtype [Triple WT]). We analyzed KRAS G12C prevalence, patient and tumor characteristics, treatment history, time-to-next-treatment (TTNT), and overall survival (OS). Results: We identified 7,440 patients of whom 40% (n = 2,969) were KRAS tested prior to the first line of therapy (LOT1). Among the KRAS tested, 11% (n = 328) harbored KRAS G12C. More KRAS G12C patients were women (67%), smokers (86%), had a high (≥50%) level of PD-L1 expression (54%), and more frequently received anti-PD-L1 treatment than any other group. From the date of the mutational test result, OS (7.1–7.3 months) was similar between the groups. OS from LOT1 (14.0 months) and LOT2 (10.8 months), and TTNT from LOT1 (6.9 months) and LOT2 (6.3 months) was numerically longer for the KRAS G12C mutated group compared to any other group. However, from LOT1 and LOT2, the OS and TTNT were comparable when stratifying the groups by PD-L1 expression level. Regardless of the mutational group, OS was markedly longer for patients with high PD-L1 expression. Conclusion: In patients diagnosed with advanced NSCLC after the implementation of anti-PD-1/L1 therapies, the survival in KRAS G12C mutated patients is comparable to patients with any KRAS mutation, Triple WT, and all NSCLC patients.
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
This work was funded by Amgen research grants to Phase4CPH to manage and administer the work. Dept. of clinical pharmacology, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Denmark, received funds from Phase4CPH to conduct the work. The sponsor contributed to the design of the study and reviewing and editing of the draft. The authors had final responsibility for the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.