Is bullying equally harmful for rich and poor children?: a study of bullying and depression from age 15 to 27

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Oct
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Public Health
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)464-9
Antal sider5
ISSN1101-1262
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. okt. 2009

Fingeraftryk

Depression
Crime Victims
Health
Legislation
Longitudinal Studies
Multivariate Analysis

Citer dette

@article{041e1e40014811dfaefb000ea68e967b,
title = "Is bullying equally harmful for rich and poor children?: a study of bullying and depression from age 15 to 27",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Exposure to bullying in childhood and adolescence is harmful to health, well-being and social competence of the victim. However, little is known about the long-term consequences of bullying victimization. In this paper, we use a longitudinal study from age 15 to 27 to examine whether childhood socioeconomic position (CSP) modifies the association between exposure to bullying in childhood and symptoms of depression in young adulthood. METHODS: Nationally representative baseline sample in 1990 (n = 847), followed up 2002 (n = 614). We used multivariate analyses of variance to examine the influence of bullying on symptoms of depression at age 27. RESULTS: Analyses showed that exposure to bullying, low CSP and female gender significantly increased the risk of depression in young adulthood. There was a statistically significant interaction between bullying and CSP, so that bullying increased the risk of depression for people from low CSP, while there was only a weak association between bullying victimization and depressive symptoms for people from more affluent childhood socioeconomic backgrounds. The same pattern was found for analyses stratified by sex. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that the effects of bullying may have more serious long-term implications on health for children from less affluent backgrounds. Our study points at bullying exposure as another pathway through which social adversity in childhood influences social inequalities in adult health. Political efforts are needed to improve norms and legislations about how to treat children and more specific interventions should take place in schools to reduce the exposure to bullying.",
keywords = "Adult, Crime Victims, Depression, Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Income, Interpersonal Relations, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Residence Characteristics, Sex Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Violence",
author = "Pernille Due and Damsgaard, {Mogens Trab} and Rikke Lund and Holstein, {Bj{\o}rn E}",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/eurpub/ckp099",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "464--9",
journal = "European Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1101-1262",
publisher = "Heinemann",
number = "5",

}

Is bullying equally harmful for rich and poor children?: a study of bullying and depression from age 15 to 27. / Due, Pernille; Damsgaard, Mogens Trab; Lund, Rikke; Holstein, Bjørn E.

I: European Journal of Public Health, Bind 19, Nr. 5, 01.10.2009, s. 464-9.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is bullying equally harmful for rich and poor children?: a study of bullying and depression from age 15 to 27

AU - Due, Pernille

AU - Damsgaard, Mogens Trab

AU - Lund, Rikke

AU - Holstein, Bjørn E

PY - 2009/10/1

Y1 - 2009/10/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Exposure to bullying in childhood and adolescence is harmful to health, well-being and social competence of the victim. However, little is known about the long-term consequences of bullying victimization. In this paper, we use a longitudinal study from age 15 to 27 to examine whether childhood socioeconomic position (CSP) modifies the association between exposure to bullying in childhood and symptoms of depression in young adulthood. METHODS: Nationally representative baseline sample in 1990 (n = 847), followed up 2002 (n = 614). We used multivariate analyses of variance to examine the influence of bullying on symptoms of depression at age 27. RESULTS: Analyses showed that exposure to bullying, low CSP and female gender significantly increased the risk of depression in young adulthood. There was a statistically significant interaction between bullying and CSP, so that bullying increased the risk of depression for people from low CSP, while there was only a weak association between bullying victimization and depressive symptoms for people from more affluent childhood socioeconomic backgrounds. The same pattern was found for analyses stratified by sex. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that the effects of bullying may have more serious long-term implications on health for children from less affluent backgrounds. Our study points at bullying exposure as another pathway through which social adversity in childhood influences social inequalities in adult health. Political efforts are needed to improve norms and legislations about how to treat children and more specific interventions should take place in schools to reduce the exposure to bullying.

AB - BACKGROUND: Exposure to bullying in childhood and adolescence is harmful to health, well-being and social competence of the victim. However, little is known about the long-term consequences of bullying victimization. In this paper, we use a longitudinal study from age 15 to 27 to examine whether childhood socioeconomic position (CSP) modifies the association between exposure to bullying in childhood and symptoms of depression in young adulthood. METHODS: Nationally representative baseline sample in 1990 (n = 847), followed up 2002 (n = 614). We used multivariate analyses of variance to examine the influence of bullying on symptoms of depression at age 27. RESULTS: Analyses showed that exposure to bullying, low CSP and female gender significantly increased the risk of depression in young adulthood. There was a statistically significant interaction between bullying and CSP, so that bullying increased the risk of depression for people from low CSP, while there was only a weak association between bullying victimization and depressive symptoms for people from more affluent childhood socioeconomic backgrounds. The same pattern was found for analyses stratified by sex. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that the effects of bullying may have more serious long-term implications on health for children from less affluent backgrounds. Our study points at bullying exposure as another pathway through which social adversity in childhood influences social inequalities in adult health. Political efforts are needed to improve norms and legislations about how to treat children and more specific interventions should take place in schools to reduce the exposure to bullying.

KW - Adult

KW - Crime Victims

KW - Depression

KW - Female

KW - Health Behavior

KW - Humans

KW - Income

KW - Interpersonal Relations

KW - Longitudinal Studies

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Residence Characteristics

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Socioeconomic Factors

KW - Violence

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/ckp099

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/ckp099

M3 - Journal article

VL - 19

SP - 464

EP - 469

JO - European Journal of Public Health

JF - European Journal of Public Health

SN - 1101-1262

IS - 5

ER -