International Salmonella typhimurium DT104 infections, 1992-2001

M. Helms, S. Ethelberg, K. Mølbak, D. Lightfoot, J. Powling, C. Berghold, C. Kornshober, I. Wybo, J.M. Collard, C. Godard, D. Dos Prazeres Rodrigues, E.M.F. Dos Reis, E.L. Fonseca, K. Doré, J. Flint, F. Pollari, R. Ahmed, W. Demczuk, J. Hospedales, D. ClarkeM. Nurse-Lucas, R. Karpiskova, P. Gerner-Smidt, N. Gill, S. O'Brien, J. Threlfall, A. Siitonen, S. Lukinmaa, W. Rabsch, P.T. Tassios, L.S. Tzouvelekis, T. Panagiotopoulos, J. Pàszti, N. Nógrády, B. Foley, M. Cormican, P. McKeown, N. Andorn, R. Yishai, H. Watanabe, H. Izumiya, K.L. Bok, S. Kim, J. Selga, J. Jansone, J. Mossong, F. Schneider, J. Haider, P. Cuschieri, W. Van Pelt, H. Heffernan, C. Nicol, K. Nygård, T.L. Stavnes, B.L. Cherkasskiy, L. Browning, J. Coia, K.H. Keddy, T. Kruger, M.A. Usera, A. Olsson, P. Boerlin, T. Barrett, F.J. Angulo, J.E. Stevenson

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Abstrakt

The incidence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella Typhimurium infections in humans, and in particular MDR definitive phage type 104 (DT104), has increased substantially in many countries in the last 2 decades, often associated with increased illness. To examine the magnitude of this problem, a survey was conducted among countries with available antimicrobial resistance or phage typing surveillance data. A total of 29, primarily industrialized, countries participated in the survey, which covered the years 1992–2001. Overall, the incidence of MDR S. Typhimurium and DT104 increased continuously during this period, although the problem affected primarily Europe and North America. The increase appeared to have peaked in the United Kingdom but not in other countries. Also, the incidence of quinolone-resistant S. Typhimurium was increasing. This survey implies that MDR S. Typhimurium constitutes an increasing public health problem in large parts of the world and emphasizes the importance of surveillance and control programs.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEmerging Infectious Diseases
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)859-867
ISSN1080-6040
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2005
Udgivet eksterntJa

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