Intensified multifactorial intervention and cardiovascular outcome in type 2 diabetes: the Steno-2 study

Oluf Pedersen, Peter Gaede

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

Resumé

We recently published the results of the Steno-2 study, which evaluated the benefits of intensified integrated behavior modification and targeted polypharmacy. The results provide abundant evidence that an ambitious treatment strategy is superior to a conventional one. The study involved 160 high-risk type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria-a strong risk factor of both macrovascular and microvascular complications-aged 55.1 years, who were randomly assigned to a conventional or an intensive, multifactorial intervention for a period of 7.8 years. In the intensive group, a stepwise treatment plan was adopted involving both continuous lifestyle education and motivation and an ambitious goal-oriented pharmacological treatment of known modifiable risk factors. The conventional group was treated in accordance with national guidelines for type 2 diabetes with less stringent goals. The specific significant group differences in the degree of change in key clinical and biochemical variables at the end of the study were (in the intensive group): lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures, hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)), fasting serum total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, fasting serum triglycerides, and 24-hour urine albumin excretion, as well as increased carbohydrate and decreased fat intake as percentage of total energy. There was no difference in weight gain between groups during follow-up and no other major side effects were reported. The primary end point was a macrovascular outcome: a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention, nonfatal stroke, amputation for ischemia, or vascular surgery for peripheral arterial atherosclerosis. The differences between groups in surrogate end points translated into the following significant group differences in final clinical end points: 44% of patients in the conventional group had a cardiovascular event compared with 24% in the intensive group, ie, a relative risk reduction of about 50%. Also, the relative risk of nephropathy, retinopathy, and autonomic neuropathy (secondary end points) was diminished by about 60% in the intensively treated group. In conclusion, an intensified and goal-oriented multipronged approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes reduces cardiovascular events, as well as nephropathy, retinopathy, and autonomic neuropathy, by about half. The challenge is to ensure that this experience is widely adopted in daily practice.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMetabolism
Vol/bind52
Udgave nummer8 Suppl 1
Sider (fra-til)19-23
Antal sider5
ISSN0026-0495
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2003

Fingeraftryk

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Fasting
Risk Reduction Behavior
Serum
LDL Cholesterol
Weight Gain
Cause of Death
Albumins
Fats
Urine
Guidelines
Education

Citer dette

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abstract = "We recently published the results of the Steno-2 study, which evaluated the benefits of intensified integrated behavior modification and targeted polypharmacy. The results provide abundant evidence that an ambitious treatment strategy is superior to a conventional one. The study involved 160 high-risk type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria-a strong risk factor of both macrovascular and microvascular complications-aged 55.1 years, who were randomly assigned to a conventional or an intensive, multifactorial intervention for a period of 7.8 years. In the intensive group, a stepwise treatment plan was adopted involving both continuous lifestyle education and motivation and an ambitious goal-oriented pharmacological treatment of known modifiable risk factors. The conventional group was treated in accordance with national guidelines for type 2 diabetes with less stringent goals. The specific significant group differences in the degree of change in key clinical and biochemical variables at the end of the study were (in the intensive group): lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures, hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)), fasting serum total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, fasting serum triglycerides, and 24-hour urine albumin excretion, as well as increased carbohydrate and decreased fat intake as percentage of total energy. There was no difference in weight gain between groups during follow-up and no other major side effects were reported. The primary end point was a macrovascular outcome: a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention, nonfatal stroke, amputation for ischemia, or vascular surgery for peripheral arterial atherosclerosis. The differences between groups in surrogate end points translated into the following significant group differences in final clinical end points: 44{\%} of patients in the conventional group had a cardiovascular event compared with 24{\%} in the intensive group, ie, a relative risk reduction of about 50{\%}. Also, the relative risk of nephropathy, retinopathy, and autonomic neuropathy (secondary end points) was diminished by about 60{\%} in the intensively treated group. In conclusion, an intensified and goal-oriented multipronged approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes reduces cardiovascular events, as well as nephropathy, retinopathy, and autonomic neuropathy, by about half. The challenge is to ensure that this experience is widely adopted in daily practice.",
keywords = "Behavior Therapy, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diabetic Angiopathies, Evidence-Based Medicine, Humans, Polypharmacy, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Review",
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Intensified multifactorial intervention and cardiovascular outcome in type 2 diabetes : the Steno-2 study. / Pedersen, Oluf; Gaede, Peter.

I: Metabolism, Bind 52, Nr. 8 Suppl 1, 08.2003, s. 19-23.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intensified multifactorial intervention and cardiovascular outcome in type 2 diabetes

T2 - the Steno-2 study

AU - Pedersen, Oluf

AU - Gaede, Peter

PY - 2003/8

Y1 - 2003/8

N2 - We recently published the results of the Steno-2 study, which evaluated the benefits of intensified integrated behavior modification and targeted polypharmacy. The results provide abundant evidence that an ambitious treatment strategy is superior to a conventional one. The study involved 160 high-risk type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria-a strong risk factor of both macrovascular and microvascular complications-aged 55.1 years, who were randomly assigned to a conventional or an intensive, multifactorial intervention for a period of 7.8 years. In the intensive group, a stepwise treatment plan was adopted involving both continuous lifestyle education and motivation and an ambitious goal-oriented pharmacological treatment of known modifiable risk factors. The conventional group was treated in accordance with national guidelines for type 2 diabetes with less stringent goals. The specific significant group differences in the degree of change in key clinical and biochemical variables at the end of the study were (in the intensive group): lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures, hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)), fasting serum total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, fasting serum triglycerides, and 24-hour urine albumin excretion, as well as increased carbohydrate and decreased fat intake as percentage of total energy. There was no difference in weight gain between groups during follow-up and no other major side effects were reported. The primary end point was a macrovascular outcome: a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention, nonfatal stroke, amputation for ischemia, or vascular surgery for peripheral arterial atherosclerosis. The differences between groups in surrogate end points translated into the following significant group differences in final clinical end points: 44% of patients in the conventional group had a cardiovascular event compared with 24% in the intensive group, ie, a relative risk reduction of about 50%. Also, the relative risk of nephropathy, retinopathy, and autonomic neuropathy (secondary end points) was diminished by about 60% in the intensively treated group. In conclusion, an intensified and goal-oriented multipronged approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes reduces cardiovascular events, as well as nephropathy, retinopathy, and autonomic neuropathy, by about half. The challenge is to ensure that this experience is widely adopted in daily practice.

AB - We recently published the results of the Steno-2 study, which evaluated the benefits of intensified integrated behavior modification and targeted polypharmacy. The results provide abundant evidence that an ambitious treatment strategy is superior to a conventional one. The study involved 160 high-risk type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria-a strong risk factor of both macrovascular and microvascular complications-aged 55.1 years, who were randomly assigned to a conventional or an intensive, multifactorial intervention for a period of 7.8 years. In the intensive group, a stepwise treatment plan was adopted involving both continuous lifestyle education and motivation and an ambitious goal-oriented pharmacological treatment of known modifiable risk factors. The conventional group was treated in accordance with national guidelines for type 2 diabetes with less stringent goals. The specific significant group differences in the degree of change in key clinical and biochemical variables at the end of the study were (in the intensive group): lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures, hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)), fasting serum total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, fasting serum triglycerides, and 24-hour urine albumin excretion, as well as increased carbohydrate and decreased fat intake as percentage of total energy. There was no difference in weight gain between groups during follow-up and no other major side effects were reported. The primary end point was a macrovascular outcome: a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention, nonfatal stroke, amputation for ischemia, or vascular surgery for peripheral arterial atherosclerosis. The differences between groups in surrogate end points translated into the following significant group differences in final clinical end points: 44% of patients in the conventional group had a cardiovascular event compared with 24% in the intensive group, ie, a relative risk reduction of about 50%. Also, the relative risk of nephropathy, retinopathy, and autonomic neuropathy (secondary end points) was diminished by about 60% in the intensively treated group. In conclusion, an intensified and goal-oriented multipronged approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes reduces cardiovascular events, as well as nephropathy, retinopathy, and autonomic neuropathy, by about half. The challenge is to ensure that this experience is widely adopted in daily practice.

KW - Behavior Therapy

KW - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

KW - Diabetic Angiopathies

KW - Evidence-Based Medicine

KW - Humans

KW - Polypharmacy

KW - Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic

KW - Clinical Trial

KW - Journal Article

KW - Randomized Controlled Trial

KW - Review

M3 - Review

C2 - 12939735

VL - 52

SP - 19

EP - 23

JO - Metabolism

JF - Metabolism

SN - 0026-0495

IS - 8 Suppl 1

ER -