Plasmon excitations in metallic nanostructures can decay directly into dynamic electron–hole pairs, exploitable for photocurrent generation. This approach has extensively been employed to develop nanoplasmonic light-sensing devices with significant responsivity and quantum efficiency. Among the devices, infrared plasmonic photodetectors have gained particular interest for their wide range of technological applications, including spectroscopy, biosensing, and surveillance. This Review discusses the fundamentals, recent advances, and trending mechanisms in the understanding and applications of plasmon-enhanced photocurrent generation in nanostructures across the infrared spectrum. By highlighting and comparing the developed techniques, we demonstrate the newly introduced directions toward achieving high photon yield infrared plasmonic photodetection tools. As a promising concept in modern metaphotonics, we present the emergence of toroidal meta-atoms as plasmon-induced carrier generators with unconventionally exquisite properties for designing advanced, rapid, and next-generation plasmonic photodetectors with significantly high responsivity and photocurrent.