Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Adults and Elderly: The Use of Selected Non-IBD Medication Examined in a Nationwide Cohort Study

Ken Lund, Floor Dijkstra Zegers, Jan Nielsen, Jacob Broder Brodersen, Torben Knudsen, Jens Kjeldsen, Michael Due Larsen, Bente Mertz Nørgård

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Real-world data on medications used for conditions other than inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are sparse. We examined how the onset of IBD affects the prescription pattern of selected non-IBD medication and the risk of becoming an incident user.

METHODS: This nationwide cohort study utilized data from Danish health registers. We included incident patients with young adult-onset IBD (18-39 years of age), adult-onset IBD (40-59 years of age), and elderly-onset IBD (60+ years of age), from 1998 to 2018 and followed all for 3 years. We examined redeemed prescriptions before and after the onset of IBD and estimated the risk of becoming a user of non-IBD medications using logistic regression models.

RESULTS: We identified 36165 patients, 16 771 (46%) with young adult onset, 10615 (29%) with adult onset, and 8779 (24%) with elderly onset. The onset of IBD increased the use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, sedatives/hypnotics, opioids, nonopioid analgesics, antidiabetics, and proton pump inhibitors, even in patients with no other underlying comorbid diseases. The adjusted odds ratio for using antidepressants 1 year after the onset of IBD in elderly was 1.50 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14-1.82), in opioids 1.69 (95% CI, 1.45-1.95), in nonopioid analgesics 2.10 (95% CI, 1.77-2.48), in cardiovascular medication 2.20 (95% CI, 1.86-2.61), and in proton pump inhibitors 1.51 (95% CI, 1.31-1.74) compared with adults.

CONCLUSIONS: In all 3 age groups, the proportions of patients with redeemed prescriptions for several groups of non-IBD medication were significantly increased after the IBD diagnosis compared with before. The risk of becoming an incident user for several groups of non-IBD medication was increased in elderly patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInflammatory Bowel Diseases
ISSN1078-0998
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 24. okt. 2023

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