Increase in social inequality in health expectancy in Denmark

Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Mikkel Baadsgaard

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Jan
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Vol/bind36
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)44-51
Antal sider7
ISSN1403-4948
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. jan. 2008

Fingeraftryk

Denmark
Health
Life Expectancy
Health Surveys
Interviews
Population

Citer dette

Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik ; Baadsgaard, Mikkel. / Increase in social inequality in health expectancy in Denmark. I: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2008 ; Bind 36, Nr. 1. s. 44-51.
@article{de9b5420474511dd9fbe000ea68e967b,
title = "Increase in social inequality in health expectancy in Denmark",
abstract = "AIMS: Health expectancy represents the average lifetime in various states of health and differs among social groups. The purpose of the study was to determine trends in social inequality in health expectancy since 1994 between groups with high, medium and low educational levels in Denmark. METHODS: The study was based on data from nationwide registers on educational level and mortality during the period 1994-2005 and data on health status derived from the Danish Health Interview Surveys carried out in 1994, 2000 and 2005. Expected lifetime in self-rated good and poor health, lifetime without and with longstanding illness and expected lifetime without and with long-lasting difficulties or restrictions were estimated by Sullivan's method. RESULTS: Between 1994 and 2005, life expectancy at age 30 years increased by 1.9 years for men and 1.5 years for women with a low educational level. For people with a high educational level, the increase was 2.7 years for men and 2.2 years for women. The difference between people with low and high educational level in expected lifetime in self-rated good health increased by 2.0 and 1.3 years for 30-year-old men and women, respectively. The social gap also increased for other indicators. CONCLUSIONS: During the past 12 years, social inequality in life expectancy and health expectancy has increased in Denmark, but the proportion of the population with a low educational level has decreased.",
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Increase in social inequality in health expectancy in Denmark. / Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Baadsgaard, Mikkel.

I: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Bind 36, Nr. 1, 01.01.2008, s. 44-51.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increase in social inequality in health expectancy in Denmark

AU - Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

AU - Baadsgaard, Mikkel

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - AIMS: Health expectancy represents the average lifetime in various states of health and differs among social groups. The purpose of the study was to determine trends in social inequality in health expectancy since 1994 between groups with high, medium and low educational levels in Denmark. METHODS: The study was based on data from nationwide registers on educational level and mortality during the period 1994-2005 and data on health status derived from the Danish Health Interview Surveys carried out in 1994, 2000 and 2005. Expected lifetime in self-rated good and poor health, lifetime without and with longstanding illness and expected lifetime without and with long-lasting difficulties or restrictions were estimated by Sullivan's method. RESULTS: Between 1994 and 2005, life expectancy at age 30 years increased by 1.9 years for men and 1.5 years for women with a low educational level. For people with a high educational level, the increase was 2.7 years for men and 2.2 years for women. The difference between people with low and high educational level in expected lifetime in self-rated good health increased by 2.0 and 1.3 years for 30-year-old men and women, respectively. The social gap also increased for other indicators. CONCLUSIONS: During the past 12 years, social inequality in life expectancy and health expectancy has increased in Denmark, but the proportion of the population with a low educational level has decreased.

AB - AIMS: Health expectancy represents the average lifetime in various states of health and differs among social groups. The purpose of the study was to determine trends in social inequality in health expectancy since 1994 between groups with high, medium and low educational levels in Denmark. METHODS: The study was based on data from nationwide registers on educational level and mortality during the period 1994-2005 and data on health status derived from the Danish Health Interview Surveys carried out in 1994, 2000 and 2005. Expected lifetime in self-rated good and poor health, lifetime without and with longstanding illness and expected lifetime without and with long-lasting difficulties or restrictions were estimated by Sullivan's method. RESULTS: Between 1994 and 2005, life expectancy at age 30 years increased by 1.9 years for men and 1.5 years for women with a low educational level. For people with a high educational level, the increase was 2.7 years for men and 2.2 years for women. The difference between people with low and high educational level in expected lifetime in self-rated good health increased by 2.0 and 1.3 years for 30-year-old men and women, respectively. The social gap also increased for other indicators. CONCLUSIONS: During the past 12 years, social inequality in life expectancy and health expectancy has increased in Denmark, but the proportion of the population with a low educational level has decreased.

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KW - Educational Status

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KW - Health Status

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KW - Life Expectancy

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Public Health

KW - Questionnaires

KW - Self Concept

KW - Social Class

KW - Socioeconomic Factors

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