Improved GFR and renal plasma perfusion following remote ischaemic conditioning in a porcine kidney transplantation model

Peter Soendergaard, Nicoline Valentina Krogstrup, Niels Secher, Kristian Ravlo, Anna Krarup Keller, Else Toennesen, Bo Martin Bibby, Ulla Moldrup, Ernst O Ostraat, Michael Pedersen, Troels M Jorgensen, Henri Leuvenink, Rikke Norregaard, Henrik Birn, Niels Marcussen, Bente Jespersen

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Abstrakt

Delayed graft function (DGF) complicates approximately 25% of kidney allografts donated after brain death (DBD). Remote ischaemic conditioning (rIC) involves brief, repetitive, ischaemia in a distant tissue in connection with ischaemia/reperfusion in the target organ. rIC has been shown to induce systemic protection against ischaemic injuries. Using a porcine kidney transplantation model with donor (63 kg) recipient (15 kg) size mismatch, we investigated the effects of recipient rIC on early renal plasma perfusion and GFR. Brain death was induced in donor pigs (n = 8) and kidneys were removed and kept in cold storage until transplantation. Nephrectomized recipient pigs were randomized to rIC (n = 8) or non-rIC (n = 8) with one kidney from the same donor in each group. rIC consisted of 4 × 5 min clamping of the abdominal aorta. GFR was significantly higher in the rIC group compared with non-rIC (7.2 ml/min vs. 3.4 ml/min; ΔGFR = 3.7 ml/min, 95%-CI: 0.3-7.2 ml/min, P = 0.038). Renal plasma perfusion in both cortex and medulla measured by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was significantly higher over time in the rIC group compared with non-rIC. This experimental study demonstrated a positive effect of rIC on early graft perfusion and function in a large animal transplantation model.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftTransplant International
Vol/bind25
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1002-1012
ISSN0934-0874
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

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