A reduced-order modelling (ROM) approach for predicting steady, turbulent aerodynamic flows based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) is presented. Model-order reduction is achieved by parameter space sampling, solution space representation via POD and restriction of a CFD solver to the POD subspace. Solving the governing equations of fluid dynamics is replaced by solving a non-linear least-squares optimisation problem. The method will be referred to as LSQ-ROM method. Two approaches of extracting POD basis information from CFD snapshot data are discussed: POD of the full state vector (global POD) and POD of each of the partial states separately (variable-by-variable POD). The method at hand is demonstrated for a 2D aerofoil (NACA 64A010) as well as for a complete industrial aircraft configuration (NASA Common Research Model) in the transonic flow regime by computing ROMs of the compressible Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, pursuing both the global and the variable-by-variable POD approach. The LSQ-ROM approach is tried for extrapolatory flow conditions. Results are juxtaposed with those obtained by POD-based extrapolation using Kriging and the radial basis functions spline method. As a reference, the full-order CFD solutions are considered. For the industrial aircraft configuration, the cost of computing the reduced-order solution is shown to be two orders of magnitude lower than that of computing the reference CFD solution.
|Status||Udgivet - okt. 2012|