Imprinted and injection-molded nano-structured optical surfaces

Alexander Bruun Christiansen, Emil Højlund-Nielsen, Jeppe Sandvik Clausen, Gideon Peter Caringal, N. Asger Mortensen, Anders Kristensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceartikelForskningpeer review


Inspired by nature, nano-textured surfaces have attracted much attention as a method to realize optical surface functionality. The moth-eye antireflective structure and the structural colors of Morpho butterflies are well- known examples used for inspiration for such biomimetic research. In this paper, nanostructured polymer surfaces suitable for up-scalable polymer replication methods, such as imprinting/embossing and injection-molding, are discussed. The limiting case of injection-moulding compatible designs is investigated. Anti-reflective polymer surfaces are realized by replication of Black Silicon (BSi) random nanostructure surfaces. The optical transmission at normal incidence is measured for wavelengths from 400 nm to 900 nm. For samples with optimized nanostructures, the reflectance is reduced by 50 % compared to samples with planar surfaces. The specular and diffusive reflection of light from polymer surfaces and their implication for creating structural colors is discussed. In the case of injection-moulding compatible designs, the maximum reflection of nano-scale textured surfaces cannot exceed the Fresnel reflection of a corresponding flat polymer surface, which is approx. 4 % for normal incidence. Diffraction gratings provide strong color reflection defined by the diffraction orders. However, the apperance varies strongly with viewing angles. Three different methods to address the strong angular-dependence of diffraction grating based structural color are discussed.
© (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
BogserieProceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 2013
Udgivet eksterntJa
Begivenhed2013 Optics+Photonics - San Diego, California, USA
Varighed: 25. aug. 201329. aug. 2013


Konference2013 Optics+Photonics
BySan Diego, California


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