Impact of Traumatic Events on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Danish Survivors of Sexual Abuse in Childhood

Ask Elklit, Dorte Mølgaard Christiansen, Sabina Palic, Sidsel Karsberg, Sara Bek Eriksen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Childhood sexual abuse can be extremely traumatic and lead to
lifelong symptomatology. The present study examined the impact
of several demographic, abuse, and psychosocial variables on
posttraumatic stress disorder severity among a consecutive sample
of treatment-seeking, adult child sexual abuse survivors (N = 480).
The child sexual abuse sample was characterized by severe trauma
exposure, insecure attachment, and significant traumatization,
with an estimated 77% suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder,
more than twice the level of the comparison group. Regression
analyses revealed risk factors associated with the development of
posttraumatic stress disorder in which the strongest predictors being
additional traumas, negative affectivity, and somatization. The
findings add to existing research confirming the stressful nature
of child sexual abuse and the variables that contribute to the
development and severity of posttraumatic stress disorder.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Child Sexual Abuse
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)918-934
Antal sider16
ISSN1053-8712
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014

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