Complementary alternative medicine (CAM) may reduce the symptom burden of side effects to antineoplastic treatment but also cause new side effects and non‐adherence to conventional treatment. The aim of this RCT was to investigate the impact of open dialogue about complementary alternative medicine (OD‐CAM) on cancer patients’ safety, health and quality of life (QoL). Patients undergoing antineoplastic treatment were randomly assigned to standard care (SC) plus OD‐CAM or SC alone. The primary endpoint was frequency of grade 3–4 adverse events (AE) eight weeks after enrollment. Secondary endpoints were frequency of grade 1–4 AE, QoL, psychological distress, perceived information, attitude towards and use of CAM 12 and 24 weeks after enrollment. Survival was analyzed post hoc. Fifty‐seven patients were randomized to the OD‐ CAM group and fifty‐five to the SC group. No significant difference in frequency of grade 3–4 AEs was shown. The same applied to grade 1–4 AEs and QoL, psychological distress and perceived information. A tendency towards better QoL, improved survival and a lower level of anxiety was found in the OD‐CAM group. OD‐CAM is not superior to SC in reducing the frequency of AEs in patients undergoing antineoplastic treatment. OD‐CAM does not compromise patient safety; it may reduce psychological stress and improve QoL and overall survival.
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Idella Foundation.
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.