Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the rate of amenorrhea in women treated with transcervical endometrial resection (TCER) or radiofrequency endometrial ablation combined with levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive device (LNG-IUD) six months post-operatively. Methods: The study was performed as a prospective cohort study. All patients were included at four gynecological centers in Region of Southern Denmark. In total, 162 women referred due to menorrhagia, metrorrhagia or menometrorrhagia and offered TCER or radiofrequency endometrial ablation in combination with or without LNG-IUD included during November 2018 to June 2021 at the women’s own discretion and without any cost (covered by the hospital). Data were analyzed using a multivariate regression model. Results: In total, 58 women were offered TCER and 31 (53.4%) combined treatment with TCER + LNG-IUD. Among 104 women who received radiofrequency endometrial ablation, 46 (44.2%) underwent combined treatment with LNG-IUD. The incidence of amenorrhea was 26% among women who underwent treatment with TCRE and 52% when treated with TCER + LNG-IUD (adjusted OR 5.16; 95% CI 1.35–19.6; P < 0.016). Radiofrequency endometrial ablation was followed by a 41% incidence of amenorrhea, and when radiofrequency endometrial ablation was combined with LNG-IUD, the incidence of amenorrhea was 63% (adjusted OR 2.15; 95% CI 0.86–5.37; P < 0.1). We observed no statistically significant differences when comparing the groups across. Conclusion: Our study suggests that the combination of TCER or radiofrequency endometrial ablation with LNG-IUD was superior to TCER. However, the combined treatment of radiofrequency endometrial ablation with LNG-IUD did not reach statistical significance. Further studies are needed to evaluate the effects of different ablation techniques on the amenorrhea rate.
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© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.