Impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on survival and symptoms of severe aortic valve stenosis

Mikael K Poulsen, Jordi S Dahl, Bo J Kjeldsen, Knud Nørregaard-Hansen, Knud Erik Pedersen, Hans Mickley, Henrik Nissen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


BACKGROUND: As patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) develop symptoms their survival decreases rapidly, if treated conservatively. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been introduced as a less invasive treatment alternative, especially in inoperable patients, who often have severe comorbidities, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since the beginning of our TAVI program in March 2008, data on all 131 TAVI patients were prospectively and consecutively collected in this registry with complete follow-up. COPD was present in 37 patients. By January 2012 survival data were collected from the Danish Civil Registration System. Median follow-up duration was 559 days.

RESULTS: Overall survival and survival from cardiac death was equivalent in both patients with and without COPD (p = 0.98 and p = 0.26) in the follow-up period. Further, patients with COPD had higher New York Heart Association (NYHA) class prior to intervention compared with those without (3.1 ± 0.5 vs. 2.9 ± 0.5, p = 0.02). In multivariate regression analysis COPD was associated with 30-day postoperative NYHA class (0.43; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.10-0.75; p = 0.01), but not to NYHA class improvement from pre- to postintervention (0.25; 95% CI: - 0.12 to -0.63; p = 0.18).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with symptomatic severe AS treated with TAVI, the presence of COPD neither affects overall survival nor survival from cardiac death. Patients with COPD had, however, both higher pre- and postoperative NYHA class compared with patients without COPD, but NYHA class improvement from pre- to postintervention was equivalent in both groups.

TidsskriftScandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)49-55
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2015


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