miR-625-3p regulates oxaliplatin resistance by targeting MAP2K6-p38 signalling in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells

Mads Heilskov Rasmussen, Iben Lyskjær, Rosa Rakownikow Jersie-Christensen, Line Schmidt Tarpgaard, Bjarke Primdal-Bengtson, Morten Muhlig Nielsen, Jakob Skou Pedersen, Tine Plato Hansen, Flemming Hansen, Jesper Velgaard Olsen, Per Pfeiffer, Torben Falck Ørntoft, Claus Lindbjerg Andersen

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Abstrakt

Oxaliplatin resistance in colorectal cancers (CRC) is a major medical problem, and predictive markers are urgently needed. Recently, miR-625-3p was reported as a promising predictive marker. Herein, we show that miR-625-3p functionally induces oxaliplatin resistance in CRC cells, and identify the signalling networks affected by miR-625-3p. We show that the p38 MAPK activator MAP2K6 is a direct target of miR-625-3p, and, accordingly, is downregulated in non-responder patients of oxaliplatin therapy. miR-625-3p-mediated resistance is reversed by anti-miR-625-3p treatment and ectopic expression of a miR-625-3p insensitive MAP2K6 variant. In addition, reduction of p38 signalling by using siRNAs, chemical inhibitors or expression of a dominant-negative MAP2K6 protein induces resistance to oxaliplatin. Transcriptome, proteome and phosphoproteome profiles confirm inactivation of MAP2K6-p38 signalling as one likely mechanism of oxaliplatin resistance. Our study shows that miR-625-3p induces oxaliplatin resistance by abrogating MAP2K6-p38-regulated apoptosis and cell cycle control networks, and corroborates the predictive power of miR-625-3p.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer12436
TidsskriftNature Communications
Vol/bind7
Antal sider15
ISSN2041-1723
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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