Imaging single Rydberg electrons in a Bose-Einstein condensate

Tomasz Karpiuk, Mirosław Brewczyk, Kazimierz Rzązewski, Anita Gaj, Jonathan B. Balewski, Alexander T. Krupp, Michael Schlagmüller, Robert Löw, Sebastian Hofferberth, Tilman Pfau

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Abstrakt

The quantum mechanical States of electrons in atoms and molecules are distinct orbitals, which are fundamental for our understanding of atoms, molecules and solids. Electronic orbitals determine a wide range of basic atomic properties, allowing also for the explanation of many chemical processes. Here, we propose a novel technique to optically image the shape of electron orbitals of neutral atoms using electron-phonon coupling in a Bose-Einstein condensate. To validate our model we carefully analyze the impact of a single Rydberg electron onto a condensate and compare the results to experimental data. Our scheme requires only well-established experimental techniques that are readily available and allows for the direct capture of textbook-like spatial images of single electronic orbitals in a single shot experiment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer053046
TidsskriftNew Journal of Physics
Vol/bind17
Udgave nummer5
ISSN1367-2630
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 27. maj 2015
Udgivet eksterntJa

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