Imaging single Rydberg electrons in a Bose-Einstein condensate

Tomasz Karpiuk, Mirosław Brewczyk, Kazimierz Rzązewski, Anita Gaj, Jonathan B. Balewski, Alexander T. Krupp, Michael Schlagmüller, Robert Löw, Sebastian Hofferberth, Tilman Pfau

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


The quantum mechanical States of electrons in atoms and molecules are distinct orbitals, which are fundamental for our understanding of atoms, molecules and solids. Electronic orbitals determine a wide range of basic atomic properties, allowing also for the explanation of many chemical processes. Here, we propose a novel technique to optically image the shape of electron orbitals of neutral atoms using electron-phonon coupling in a Bose-Einstein condensate. To validate our model we carefully analyze the impact of a single Rydberg electron onto a condensate and compare the results to experimental data. Our scheme requires only well-established experimental techniques that are readily available and allows for the direct capture of textbook-like spatial images of single electronic orbitals in a single shot experiment.

TidsskriftNew Journal of Physics
Udgave nummer5
StatusUdgivet - 27. maj 2015
Udgivet eksterntJa


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