Identification and quantification of serum proteins secreted into the normal human jejunum

Vibeke Andersen, J H Hegnhøj

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Abstrakt

The in vivo transfer of serum proteins to the human intestinal lumen was characterized by crossed immunoelectrophoretic analyses of intestinal perfusates from four healthy volunteers. Serum proteins with molecular masses below 100 kDa and the immunoglobulins were found in human jejunal perfusates. Larger serum proteins were either absent (alpha and beta lipoproteins) or present in small amounts (alpha 2-macroglobulin, haptoglobulin and ceruloplasmin). These results demonstrate the existence of a selective transfer of serum proteins to the intestinal lumen under physiological conditions. The intestinal clearance rate was 0.1 ml serum per hour per 10 cm jejunum for albumin, prealbumin, alpha 1-antitrypsin, orosomucoid, transferrin and haemopexin. The rate of secretion of total protein to the jejunal lumen was 100 mg protein per hour per 10 cm jejunum. About 45% was due to immunoglobulins and further 10-15% due to the remaining serum proteins. It is suggested that the serum proteins pass through the epithelium by a transcellular mechanism.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation
Vol/bind50
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)857-864
ISSN0036-5513
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 1990
Udgivet eksterntJa

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