IC100: A novel anti-ASC monoclonal antibody improves functional outcomes in an animal model of multiple sclerosis

Haritha L. Desu, Melanie Plastini, Placido Illiano, Helen M. Bramlett, W. Dalton Dietrich, Juan Pablo De Rivero Vaccari, Roberta Brambilla*, Robert W. Keane

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

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Abstrakt

Background: The inflammasome adaptor apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) is involved in immune signaling by bridging the interactions between inflammasome sensors and caspase-1. Strong experimental evidence has shown that ASC-/- mice are protected from disease progression in animal models of multiple sclerosis (MS), suggesting that targeting inflammasome activation via ASC inhibition may be a promising therapeutic strategy in MS. Thus, the goal of our study is to test the efficacy of IC100, a novel humanized antibody targeting ASC, in preventing and/or suppressing disease in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of MS. Methods: We employed the EAE model of MS where disease was induced by immunization of C57BL/6 mice with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide 35-55 (MOG35-55). Mice were treated with vehicle or increasing doses of IC100 (10, 30, and 45 mg/kg) and clinical disease course was evaluated up to 35 days post EAE induction. Immune cell infiltration into the spinal cord and microglia responses were assessed. Results: We show that IC100 treatment reduced the severity of EAE when compared to vehicle-treated controls. At a dose of 30 mg/kg, IC100 significantly reduced the number of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and CD11b+MHCII+ activated myeloid cells entering the spinal cord from the periphery, and reduced the number of total and activated microglia. Conclusions: These data indicate that IC100 suppresses the immune-inflammatory response that drives EAE development and progression, thereby identifying ASC as a promising target for the treatment of MS as well as other neurological diseases with a neuroinflammatory component.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer143
TidsskriftJournal of Neuroinflammation
Vol/bind17
Antal sider10
ISSN1742-2094
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 4. maj 2020

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