Healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centred care: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Geronimo Bejarano*, Ben Csiernik, James J. Young, Kent Stuber, Joshua R. Zadro

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Abstract

Background: Patient centred care is commonly recommended in clinical practice guidelines to improve patient outcomes and reduce healthcare costs. Identifying measurement tools used to assess healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centered care and determining their attitudes is the first step to ensuring patient centred care is provided in the future. The primary aim of this review was to describe the measurement tools used to assess healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centred care. The secondary aim was to quantify healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centred care. Methods: An electronic database search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL from inception until March 1, 2021, with combined terms relating to ‘patient centred care’, ‘attitudes’, and ‘healthcare students’. Studies that quantitatively assessed healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centred care were included. Measurement tools used in the included studies were qualitatively described. Meta-analysis was conducted to quantify healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centred care and assess the respective influence of gender, profession, and study geographical location on healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centred care. Results: The electronic search identified 3948 total studies. One hundred twenty-nine full texts were screened, and 49 studies were included. There were 16 measurement tools used to assess healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centered care. Most studies (53%, n = 26) used the Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS) to assess patient centered care. Meta-analyses of 20 studies with 26 total groups resulted in a pooled mean PPOS score of 4.16 on a 0–6 scale (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 3.95, 4.37), indicating low attitudes towards patient centered care. Additional analyses found that women have significantly higher attitudes towards patients centred care than men (pooled effect 0.14 [95% CI: 0.05, 0.23], n = 8 studies) and mean PPOS scores appear similar among sub-groups of only medical students (pooled mean 4.13, 95% CI: 3.85, 4.42, n = 13 studies) and only American healthcare students (pooled mean 4.49, 95% CI: 4.35, 4.64, n = 5 studies). Conclusions: Several different measurement tools have been used to assess healthcare students’ attitudes towards patient centred care, but the most commonly used is the PPOS. Our results indicate that healthcare students have low attitudes towards patient centred care. Future studies should evaluate if attitudes towards patient centred care can be improved during healthcare education.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer324
TidsskriftBMC Medical Education
Vol/bind22
Antal sider22
ISSN1472-6920
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 27. apr. 2022

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