Gravitational waves from composite dark sectors

Roman Pasechnik, Manuel Reichert, Francesco Sannino, Zhi Wei Wang*

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Abstract

We study under which conditions a first-order phase transition in a composite dark sector can yield an observable stochastic gravitational-wave signal. To this end, we employ the Linear-Sigma model featuring Nf = 3, 4, 5 flavours and perform a Cornwall-Jackiw-Tomboulis computation also accounting for the effects of the Polyakov loop. The model allows us to investigate the chiral phase transition in regimes that can mimic QCD-like theories incorporating in addition composite dynamics associated with the effects of confinement-deconfinement phase transition. A further benefit of this approach is that it allows to study the limit in which the effective interactions are weak. We show that strong first-order phase transitions occur for weak effective couplings of the composite sector leading to gravitational-wave signals potentially detectable at future experimental facilities.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer159
TidsskriftJournal of High Energy Physics
Vol/bind2024
Udgave nummer2
Antal sider33
ISSN1126-6708
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2024

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