Genetic population structure of the prosobranch snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray) in Denmark using PCR-RAPD fingerprints

R Jacobsen, V E Forbes, O Skovgaard

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Abstrakt

Parthenogenetic species are often more widely distributed geographically than their sexual relatives. This success in colonizing can be explained either by dispersal of one or a few clones of wide physiological tolerance or by the distribution of many locally adapted clones. Here we test the hypothesis that successfully invading clones of Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray) are composed of a few broadly adapted genotypes by using polymerase chain reaction random amplified polymorphic DNA (PCR-RAPD) fingerprinting on six different populations of P. antipodarum from Denmark and three morphotypes of P. antipodarum from Britain. We detected two genotypes of P. antipodarum in six populations examined across Denmark using four decamer primers. The two genotypes were found to be morphologically and genetically indistinguishable from British P. antipodarum. In five of the six Danish populations only one genotype was found; at the remaining site, the two genotypes occurred sympatrically. The present study suggests that P. antipodarum successfully invaded Europe by the proliferation of very few clones.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftProceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences
Vol/bind263
Udgave nummer1373
Sider (fra-til)1065-70
Antal sider5
ISSN0962-8452
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 22. aug. 1996
Udgivet eksterntJa

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