Gender, trauma type, and PTSD prevalence: a re-analysis of 18 nordic convenience samples

D. N. Ditlevsen, A. Elklit

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Background: The aim of the study was to examine a possible trauma type related variance in the gender difference of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence. Methods: An analysis was conducted on 18 convenience sample studies including data from a total of 5220 participants. The studies all applied the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire - part IV to assess PTSD. Cohen's d was used to measure variance in gender differences. Trauma types included disasters and accidents, violence, loss, chronic disease and non-malignant diseases. Results: The results showed an overall gender difference in PTSD prevalence similar to previous findings. Thus, women had a two-fold higher prevalence of PTSD than men. Besides categorical analyses, dimensional analyses of PTSD severity were also performed; the latter were associated with twice as large effect sizes. Females were more vulnerable to PTSD after disasters and accidents, followed by loss and non-malignant diseases. In violence and chronic disease, the gender differences were smallest. Conclusions: The findings support the existence of a trauma type related variance in gender differences in PTSD prevalence.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnnals of General Psychiatry
Vol/bind11
ISSN1744-859X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

Citer dette

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Gender, trauma type, and PTSD prevalence: a re-analysis of 18 nordic convenience samples. / Ditlevsen, D. N.; Elklit, A.

I: Annals of General Psychiatry, Bind 11, 2012.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender, trauma type, and PTSD prevalence: a re-analysis of 18 nordic convenience samples

AU - Ditlevsen, D. N.

AU - Elklit, A.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background: The aim of the study was to examine a possible trauma type related variance in the gender difference of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence. Methods: An analysis was conducted on 18 convenience sample studies including data from a total of 5220 participants. The studies all applied the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire - part IV to assess PTSD. Cohen's d was used to measure variance in gender differences. Trauma types included disasters and accidents, violence, loss, chronic disease and non-malignant diseases. Results: The results showed an overall gender difference in PTSD prevalence similar to previous findings. Thus, women had a two-fold higher prevalence of PTSD than men. Besides categorical analyses, dimensional analyses of PTSD severity were also performed; the latter were associated with twice as large effect sizes. Females were more vulnerable to PTSD after disasters and accidents, followed by loss and non-malignant diseases. In violence and chronic disease, the gender differences were smallest. Conclusions: The findings support the existence of a trauma type related variance in gender differences in PTSD prevalence.

AB - Background: The aim of the study was to examine a possible trauma type related variance in the gender difference of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence. Methods: An analysis was conducted on 18 convenience sample studies including data from a total of 5220 participants. The studies all applied the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire - part IV to assess PTSD. Cohen's d was used to measure variance in gender differences. Trauma types included disasters and accidents, violence, loss, chronic disease and non-malignant diseases. Results: The results showed an overall gender difference in PTSD prevalence similar to previous findings. Thus, women had a two-fold higher prevalence of PTSD than men. Besides categorical analyses, dimensional analyses of PTSD severity were also performed; the latter were associated with twice as large effect sizes. Females were more vulnerable to PTSD after disasters and accidents, followed by loss and non-malignant diseases. In violence and chronic disease, the gender differences were smallest. Conclusions: The findings support the existence of a trauma type related variance in gender differences in PTSD prevalence.

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DO - 10.1186/1744-859x-11-26

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