Gender differences in myocardial function and arterio-ventricular coupling in response to maximal exercise in adolescent floor-ball players

Asa Fomin, Cristina Da Silva, Mattias Ahlstrand, Anders Sahlén, Lars Lund, Marcus Stahlberg, Anders Gabrielsen, Aristomenis Manouras

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic and cardiac responses to exercise have been widely investigated in adults. However, little is known regarding myocardial performance in response to a short bout of maximal exercise in adolescents. We therefore sought to study alterations in myocardial function and investigate sex-influences in young athletes after maximal cardiopulmonary testing.

METHODS: 51 adolescent (13-19 years old) floor-ball players (24 females) were recruited. All subjects underwent a maximal exercise test to determine maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and cardiac output. Cardiac performance was investigated using conventional and tissue velocity imaging, as well as 2D strain echocardiography before and 30 minutes following exercise. Arterio-ventricular coupling was evaluated by means of single beat ventricular elastance and arterial elastance.

RESULTS: Compared to baseline the early diastolic myocardial velocity (E'LV) at the basal left ventricular (LV) segments declined significantly (females: E'LV: 14.7 +/- 2.6 to 13.6 +/- 2.9 cm/s; males: 15.2 +/- 2.2 to 13.9 +/- 2.3 cm/s, p < 0.001 for both). Similarly, 2D strain decreased significantly following exercise (2D strain LV: from 21.5 +/- 2.4 to 20.2 +/- 2.7% in females, and from 20 +/- 1 to 17.9 +/- 1.5% in males, p < 0.05 for both). However, there were no significant changes in LV contractility estimated by elastance in either sex following exercise (p > 0.05). Arterial elastance) Ea) at baseline was identified as the only predictor of VO2max in males (r = 0.76, p < 0.001) but not in females (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that vigorous exercise of short duration results in a significant decrease of longitudinal myocardial motion in both sexes. However, in view of unaltered end systolic LV elastance (Ees), these reductions most probably reflect changes in the loading conditions and not an attenuation of myocardial function per se. Importantly, we show that arterial load at rest acts as a strong predictor of VO2max in males but not in female subjects.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer24
TidsskriftBMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Vol/bind6
ISSN2052-1847
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk

Exercise
Exercise Test
Athletes
Echocardiography
Oxygen

Citer dette

Fomin, Asa ; Da Silva, Cristina ; Ahlstrand, Mattias ; Sahlén, Anders ; Lund, Lars ; Stahlberg, Marcus ; Gabrielsen, Anders ; Manouras, Aristomenis. / Gender differences in myocardial function and arterio-ventricular coupling in response to maximal exercise in adolescent floor-ball players. I: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2014 ; Bind 6.
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title = "Gender differences in myocardial function and arterio-ventricular coupling in response to maximal exercise in adolescent floor-ball players",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic and cardiac responses to exercise have been widely investigated in adults. However, little is known regarding myocardial performance in response to a short bout of maximal exercise in adolescents. We therefore sought to study alterations in myocardial function and investigate sex-influences in young athletes after maximal cardiopulmonary testing.METHODS: 51 adolescent (13-19 years old) floor-ball players (24 females) were recruited. All subjects underwent a maximal exercise test to determine maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and cardiac output. Cardiac performance was investigated using conventional and tissue velocity imaging, as well as 2D strain echocardiography before and 30 minutes following exercise. Arterio-ventricular coupling was evaluated by means of single beat ventricular elastance and arterial elastance.RESULTS: Compared to baseline the early diastolic myocardial velocity (E'LV) at the basal left ventricular (LV) segments declined significantly (females: E'LV: 14.7 +/- 2.6 to 13.6 +/- 2.9 cm/s; males: 15.2 +/- 2.2 to 13.9 +/- 2.3 cm/s, p < 0.001 for both). Similarly, 2D strain decreased significantly following exercise (2D strain LV: from 21.5 +/- 2.4 to 20.2 +/- 2.7{\%} in females, and from 20 +/- 1 to 17.9 +/- 1.5{\%} in males, p < 0.05 for both). However, there were no significant changes in LV contractility estimated by elastance in either sex following exercise (p > 0.05). Arterial elastance) Ea) at baseline was identified as the only predictor of VO2max in males (r = 0.76, p < 0.001) but not in females (p > 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that vigorous exercise of short duration results in a significant decrease of longitudinal myocardial motion in both sexes. However, in view of unaltered end systolic LV elastance (Ees), these reductions most probably reflect changes in the loading conditions and not an attenuation of myocardial function per se. Importantly, we show that arterial load at rest acts as a strong predictor of VO2max in males but not in female subjects.",
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Gender differences in myocardial function and arterio-ventricular coupling in response to maximal exercise in adolescent floor-ball players. / Fomin, Asa; Da Silva, Cristina; Ahlstrand, Mattias; Sahlén, Anders; Lund, Lars; Stahlberg, Marcus; Gabrielsen, Anders; Manouras, Aristomenis.

I: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, Bind 6, 24, 2014.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender differences in myocardial function and arterio-ventricular coupling in response to maximal exercise in adolescent floor-ball players

AU - Fomin, Asa

AU - Da Silva, Cristina

AU - Ahlstrand, Mattias

AU - Sahlén, Anders

AU - Lund, Lars

AU - Stahlberg, Marcus

AU - Gabrielsen, Anders

AU - Manouras, Aristomenis

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic and cardiac responses to exercise have been widely investigated in adults. However, little is known regarding myocardial performance in response to a short bout of maximal exercise in adolescents. We therefore sought to study alterations in myocardial function and investigate sex-influences in young athletes after maximal cardiopulmonary testing.METHODS: 51 adolescent (13-19 years old) floor-ball players (24 females) were recruited. All subjects underwent a maximal exercise test to determine maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and cardiac output. Cardiac performance was investigated using conventional and tissue velocity imaging, as well as 2D strain echocardiography before and 30 minutes following exercise. Arterio-ventricular coupling was evaluated by means of single beat ventricular elastance and arterial elastance.RESULTS: Compared to baseline the early diastolic myocardial velocity (E'LV) at the basal left ventricular (LV) segments declined significantly (females: E'LV: 14.7 +/- 2.6 to 13.6 +/- 2.9 cm/s; males: 15.2 +/- 2.2 to 13.9 +/- 2.3 cm/s, p < 0.001 for both). Similarly, 2D strain decreased significantly following exercise (2D strain LV: from 21.5 +/- 2.4 to 20.2 +/- 2.7% in females, and from 20 +/- 1 to 17.9 +/- 1.5% in males, p < 0.05 for both). However, there were no significant changes in LV contractility estimated by elastance in either sex following exercise (p > 0.05). Arterial elastance) Ea) at baseline was identified as the only predictor of VO2max in males (r = 0.76, p < 0.001) but not in females (p > 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that vigorous exercise of short duration results in a significant decrease of longitudinal myocardial motion in both sexes. However, in view of unaltered end systolic LV elastance (Ees), these reductions most probably reflect changes in the loading conditions and not an attenuation of myocardial function per se. Importantly, we show that arterial load at rest acts as a strong predictor of VO2max in males but not in female subjects.

AB - BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic and cardiac responses to exercise have been widely investigated in adults. However, little is known regarding myocardial performance in response to a short bout of maximal exercise in adolescents. We therefore sought to study alterations in myocardial function and investigate sex-influences in young athletes after maximal cardiopulmonary testing.METHODS: 51 adolescent (13-19 years old) floor-ball players (24 females) were recruited. All subjects underwent a maximal exercise test to determine maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and cardiac output. Cardiac performance was investigated using conventional and tissue velocity imaging, as well as 2D strain echocardiography before and 30 minutes following exercise. Arterio-ventricular coupling was evaluated by means of single beat ventricular elastance and arterial elastance.RESULTS: Compared to baseline the early diastolic myocardial velocity (E'LV) at the basal left ventricular (LV) segments declined significantly (females: E'LV: 14.7 +/- 2.6 to 13.6 +/- 2.9 cm/s; males: 15.2 +/- 2.2 to 13.9 +/- 2.3 cm/s, p < 0.001 for both). Similarly, 2D strain decreased significantly following exercise (2D strain LV: from 21.5 +/- 2.4 to 20.2 +/- 2.7% in females, and from 20 +/- 1 to 17.9 +/- 1.5% in males, p < 0.05 for both). However, there were no significant changes in LV contractility estimated by elastance in either sex following exercise (p > 0.05). Arterial elastance) Ea) at baseline was identified as the only predictor of VO2max in males (r = 0.76, p < 0.001) but not in females (p > 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that vigorous exercise of short duration results in a significant decrease of longitudinal myocardial motion in both sexes. However, in view of unaltered end systolic LV elastance (Ees), these reductions most probably reflect changes in the loading conditions and not an attenuation of myocardial function per se. Importantly, we show that arterial load at rest acts as a strong predictor of VO2max in males but not in female subjects.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1186/2052-1847-6-24

DO - 10.1186/2052-1847-6-24

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25045524

VL - 6

JO - BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation

JF - BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation

SN - 2052-1847

M1 - 24

ER -