Gait Deviation Index, Gait Profile Score and Gait Variable Score in children with spastic cerebral palsy: Intra-rater reliability and agreement across two repeated sessions

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Resumé

Abstract
The Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and Gait Profile Score (GPS) are the most used summary measures of gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, the reliability and agreement of these indices have not been investigated, limiting their clinimetric quality for research and clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-rater reliability and agreement of summary measures of gait (GDI; GPS; and the Gait Variable Score (GVS) derived from the GPS).

The intra-rater reliability and agreement were investigated across two repeated sessions in 18 children aged 5–12 years diagnosed with spastic CP. No systematic bias was observed between the sessions and no heteroscedasticity was observed in Bland–Altman plots. For the GDI and GPS, excellent reliability with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values of 0.8–0.9 was found, while the GVS was found to have fair to good reliability with ICCs of 0.4–0.7. The agreement for the GDI and the logarithmically transformed GPS, in terms of the standard error of measurement as a percentage of the grand mean (SEM%) varied from 4.1 to 6.7%, whilst the smallest detectable change in percent (SDC%) ranged from 11.3 to 18.5%. For the logarithmically transformed GVS, we found a fair to large variation in SEM% from 7 to 29% and in SDC% from 18 to 81%.

The GDI and GPS demonstrated excellent reliability and acceptable agreement proving that they can both be used in research and clinical practice. However, the observed large variability for some of the GVS requires cautious consideration when selecting outcome measures.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGait & Posture
Vol/bind42
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)133-137
ISSN0966-6362
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

Fingeraftryk

Cerebral Palsy
Research

Emneord

  • cerebral parese
  • Gait
  • gangundersøgelse

Citer dette

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title = "Gait Deviation Index, Gait Profile Score and Gait Variable Score in children with spastic cerebral palsy: Intra-rater reliability and agreement across two repeated sessions",
abstract = "AbstractThe Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and Gait Profile Score (GPS) are the most used summary measures of gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, the reliability and agreement of these indices have not been investigated, limiting their clinimetric quality for research and clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-rater reliability and agreement of summary measures of gait (GDI; GPS; and the Gait Variable Score (GVS) derived from the GPS).The intra-rater reliability and agreement were investigated across two repeated sessions in 18 children aged 5–12 years diagnosed with spastic CP. No systematic bias was observed between the sessions and no heteroscedasticity was observed in Bland–Altman plots. For the GDI and GPS, excellent reliability with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values of 0.8–0.9 was found, while the GVS was found to have fair to good reliability with ICCs of 0.4–0.7. The agreement for the GDI and the logarithmically transformed GPS, in terms of the standard error of measurement as a percentage of the grand mean (SEM{\%}) varied from 4.1 to 6.7{\%}, whilst the smallest detectable change in percent (SDC{\%}) ranged from 11.3 to 18.5{\%}. For the logarithmically transformed GVS, we found a fair to large variation in SEM{\%} from 7 to 29{\%} and in SDC{\%} from 18 to 81{\%}.The GDI and GPS demonstrated excellent reliability and acceptable agreement proving that they can both be used in research and clinical practice. However, the observed large variability for some of the GVS requires cautious consideration when selecting outcome measures.",
keywords = "cerebral parese, Gait, gangunders{\o}gelse, Cerebal palsy, Gait",
author = "Rasmussen, {Helle M{\"a}tzke} and Nielsen, {Dennis Brandborg} and Pedersen, {Niels Wisbech} and S{\o}ren Overgaard and Larsen, {Anders Holsgaard}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.04.019",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "133--137",
journal = "Gait & Posture",
issn = "0966-6362",
publisher = "Elsevier",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Gait Deviation Index, Gait Profile Score and Gait Variable Score in children with spastic cerebral palsy

T2 - Intra-rater reliability and agreement across two repeated sessions

AU - Rasmussen, Helle Mätzke

AU - Nielsen, Dennis Brandborg

AU - Pedersen, Niels Wisbech

AU - Overgaard, Søren

AU - Larsen, Anders Holsgaard

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - AbstractThe Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and Gait Profile Score (GPS) are the most used summary measures of gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, the reliability and agreement of these indices have not been investigated, limiting their clinimetric quality for research and clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-rater reliability and agreement of summary measures of gait (GDI; GPS; and the Gait Variable Score (GVS) derived from the GPS).The intra-rater reliability and agreement were investigated across two repeated sessions in 18 children aged 5–12 years diagnosed with spastic CP. No systematic bias was observed between the sessions and no heteroscedasticity was observed in Bland–Altman plots. For the GDI and GPS, excellent reliability with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values of 0.8–0.9 was found, while the GVS was found to have fair to good reliability with ICCs of 0.4–0.7. The agreement for the GDI and the logarithmically transformed GPS, in terms of the standard error of measurement as a percentage of the grand mean (SEM%) varied from 4.1 to 6.7%, whilst the smallest detectable change in percent (SDC%) ranged from 11.3 to 18.5%. For the logarithmically transformed GVS, we found a fair to large variation in SEM% from 7 to 29% and in SDC% from 18 to 81%.The GDI and GPS demonstrated excellent reliability and acceptable agreement proving that they can both be used in research and clinical practice. However, the observed large variability for some of the GVS requires cautious consideration when selecting outcome measures.

AB - AbstractThe Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and Gait Profile Score (GPS) are the most used summary measures of gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, the reliability and agreement of these indices have not been investigated, limiting their clinimetric quality for research and clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-rater reliability and agreement of summary measures of gait (GDI; GPS; and the Gait Variable Score (GVS) derived from the GPS).The intra-rater reliability and agreement were investigated across two repeated sessions in 18 children aged 5–12 years diagnosed with spastic CP. No systematic bias was observed between the sessions and no heteroscedasticity was observed in Bland–Altman plots. For the GDI and GPS, excellent reliability with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values of 0.8–0.9 was found, while the GVS was found to have fair to good reliability with ICCs of 0.4–0.7. The agreement for the GDI and the logarithmically transformed GPS, in terms of the standard error of measurement as a percentage of the grand mean (SEM%) varied from 4.1 to 6.7%, whilst the smallest detectable change in percent (SDC%) ranged from 11.3 to 18.5%. For the logarithmically transformed GVS, we found a fair to large variation in SEM% from 7 to 29% and in SDC% from 18 to 81%.The GDI and GPS demonstrated excellent reliability and acceptable agreement proving that they can both be used in research and clinical practice. However, the observed large variability for some of the GVS requires cautious consideration when selecting outcome measures.

KW - cerebral parese

KW - Gait

KW - gangundersøgelse

KW - Cerebal palsy

KW - Gait

U2 - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.04.019

DO - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.04.019

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26043670

VL - 42

SP - 133

EP - 137

JO - Gait & Posture

JF - Gait & Posture

SN - 0966-6362

IS - 2

ER -