Gait analysis for individually tailored interdisciplinary interventions in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial

Helle M Rasmussen*, Niels W Pedersen, Søren Overgaard, Lars K Hansen, Ulrike Dunkhase-Heinl, Yanko Petkov, Vilhelm Engell, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

AIM: To test the hypothesis that improvements in gait and function following individualized interdisciplinary interventions consisting of physical therapy, orthotics, spasticity management, and orthopaedic surgery using instrumented gait analysis are superior to 'usual care' in children with cerebral palsy (CP).

METHOD: This was a prospective, single-blind, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of interventions based on the use of gait analysis. Primary outcome was gait (Gait Deviation Index) and secondary outcomes were walking and patient-reported outcome measures of function, disability, and health-related quality of life. Follow-ups were done at 26 weeks (questionnaires) and at the primary end point of 52 weeks (all outcomes).

RESULTS: Sixty participants with CP (39 males, 21 females, mean age 6y 10mo, standard deviation 1y 3mo, range 5y-9y 1mo) in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I or II, were randomized to interventions with or without gait analysis. No significant or clinically relevant between-group differences in change scores of the primary or secondary outcomes were found. The recommended categories of interventions were dominated by non-surgical interventions and were applied in 36% to 86% of the participants.

INTERPRETATION: Interventions using gait analysis were not superior to 'usual care' on gait, walking, or patient-reported outcomes in a sample of relatively young and independently walking children with CP not expected to need surgery.

WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: Gait analysis in children with cerebral palsy in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I or II recommends interdisciplinary interventions. Compliance to interventions recommended after gait analysis was low. No statistically significant advantages were identified for the intervention group versus the control group.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Vol/bind61
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1189-1195
ISSN0012-1622
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Cerebral Palsy
Randomized Controlled Trials
Orthopedics
Quality of Life
Control Groups

Bibliografisk note

© 2019 Mac Keith Press.

Citer dette

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title = "Gait analysis for individually tailored interdisciplinary interventions in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "AIM: To test the hypothesis that improvements in gait and function following individualized interdisciplinary interventions consisting of physical therapy, orthotics, spasticity management, and orthopaedic surgery using instrumented gait analysis are superior to 'usual care' in children with cerebral palsy (CP).METHOD: This was a prospective, single-blind, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of interventions based on the use of gait analysis. Primary outcome was gait (Gait Deviation Index) and secondary outcomes were walking and patient-reported outcome measures of function, disability, and health-related quality of life. Follow-ups were done at 26 weeks (questionnaires) and at the primary end point of 52 weeks (all outcomes).RESULTS: Sixty participants with CP (39 males, 21 females, mean age 6y 10mo, standard deviation 1y 3mo, range 5y-9y 1mo) in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I or II, were randomized to interventions with or without gait analysis. No significant or clinically relevant between-group differences in change scores of the primary or secondary outcomes were found. The recommended categories of interventions were dominated by non-surgical interventions and were applied in 36{\%} to 86{\%} of the participants.INTERPRETATION: Interventions using gait analysis were not superior to 'usual care' on gait, walking, or patient-reported outcomes in a sample of relatively young and independently walking children with CP not expected to need surgery.WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: Gait analysis in children with cerebral palsy in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I or II recommends interdisciplinary interventions. Compliance to interventions recommended after gait analysis was low. No statistically significant advantages were identified for the intervention group versus the control group.",
author = "Rasmussen, {Helle M} and Pedersen, {Niels W} and S{\o}ren Overgaard and Hansen, {Lars K} and Ulrike Dunkhase-Heinl and Yanko Petkov and Vilhelm Engell and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Gait analysis for individually tailored interdisciplinary interventions in children with cerebral palsy

T2 - a randomized controlled trial

AU - Rasmussen, Helle M

AU - Pedersen, Niels W

AU - Overgaard, Søren

AU - Hansen, Lars K

AU - Dunkhase-Heinl, Ulrike

AU - Petkov, Yanko

AU - Engell, Vilhelm

AU - Holsgaard-Larsen, Anders

N1 - © 2019 Mac Keith Press.

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - AIM: To test the hypothesis that improvements in gait and function following individualized interdisciplinary interventions consisting of physical therapy, orthotics, spasticity management, and orthopaedic surgery using instrumented gait analysis are superior to 'usual care' in children with cerebral palsy (CP).METHOD: This was a prospective, single-blind, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of interventions based on the use of gait analysis. Primary outcome was gait (Gait Deviation Index) and secondary outcomes were walking and patient-reported outcome measures of function, disability, and health-related quality of life. Follow-ups were done at 26 weeks (questionnaires) and at the primary end point of 52 weeks (all outcomes).RESULTS: Sixty participants with CP (39 males, 21 females, mean age 6y 10mo, standard deviation 1y 3mo, range 5y-9y 1mo) in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I or II, were randomized to interventions with or without gait analysis. No significant or clinically relevant between-group differences in change scores of the primary or secondary outcomes were found. The recommended categories of interventions were dominated by non-surgical interventions and were applied in 36% to 86% of the participants.INTERPRETATION: Interventions using gait analysis were not superior to 'usual care' on gait, walking, or patient-reported outcomes in a sample of relatively young and independently walking children with CP not expected to need surgery.WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: Gait analysis in children with cerebral palsy in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I or II recommends interdisciplinary interventions. Compliance to interventions recommended after gait analysis was low. No statistically significant advantages were identified for the intervention group versus the control group.

AB - AIM: To test the hypothesis that improvements in gait and function following individualized interdisciplinary interventions consisting of physical therapy, orthotics, spasticity management, and orthopaedic surgery using instrumented gait analysis are superior to 'usual care' in children with cerebral palsy (CP).METHOD: This was a prospective, single-blind, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of interventions based on the use of gait analysis. Primary outcome was gait (Gait Deviation Index) and secondary outcomes were walking and patient-reported outcome measures of function, disability, and health-related quality of life. Follow-ups were done at 26 weeks (questionnaires) and at the primary end point of 52 weeks (all outcomes).RESULTS: Sixty participants with CP (39 males, 21 females, mean age 6y 10mo, standard deviation 1y 3mo, range 5y-9y 1mo) in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I or II, were randomized to interventions with or without gait analysis. No significant or clinically relevant between-group differences in change scores of the primary or secondary outcomes were found. The recommended categories of interventions were dominated by non-surgical interventions and were applied in 36% to 86% of the participants.INTERPRETATION: Interventions using gait analysis were not superior to 'usual care' on gait, walking, or patient-reported outcomes in a sample of relatively young and independently walking children with CP not expected to need surgery.WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: Gait analysis in children with cerebral palsy in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I or II recommends interdisciplinary interventions. Compliance to interventions recommended after gait analysis was low. No statistically significant advantages were identified for the intervention group versus the control group.

U2 - 10.1111/dmcn.14178

DO - 10.1111/dmcn.14178

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30740658

VL - 61

SP - 1189

EP - 1195

JO - Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

JF - Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

SN - 0012-1622

IS - 10

ER -