We propose an efficient approach for actively controlling the Rabi oscillations in nanophotonic emitter-cavity analogs based on the presence of an element with optical gain. Inspired by recent developments in parity-time (PT)-symmetry photonics, we show that nano- or microcavities where intrinsic losses are partially or fully compensated by an externally controllable amount of gain offer unique capabilities for manipulating the dynamics of extended (collective) excitonic emitter systems. In particular, we discuss how one can drastically modify the dynamics of the system, increase the overall occupation numbers, enhance the longevity of the Rabi oscillations, and even decelerate them to the point where their experimental observation becomes less challenging. Furthermore, we show that there is a specific gain value that leads to an exceptional point, where both the emitter and cavity occupation oscillate practically in phase, with occupation numbers that can significantly exceed unity. By revisiting a recently introduced Rabi-visibility measure, we provide robust guidelines for quantifying the coupling strength and achieving strong-coupling with adaptable Rabi frequency via loss compensation.
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
We thank P. Edderkop for assistance with preparation of the graphs and the web design. C.W. and F.T. acknowledge funding from MULTIPLY fellowships under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie COFUND Action (Grant Agreement No. 713694). M.H.E. acknowledges funding from Independent Research Fund Denmark (Grant No. 0165-00051B). N.A.M. is supported by VILLUM Fonden (Grant No. 16498). The Center for Polariton-driven Light–Matter Interactions (POLIMA) is sponsored by the Danish National Research Foundation (Project No. DNRF165).
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