Fundus autofluorescence and spectral domain optical coherence tomography as predictors for long-term functional outcome in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Christina Doefler Poulsen*, M P Petersen, A Green, T Peto, J Grauslund

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Purpose: To detect pre- and postoperative retinal changes in fundus autofluorescence (AF) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to correlate these with functional outcome in patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Methods: A prospective, 30-month study of patients operated with 25-gauge vitrectomy for primary RRD. Patients were examined preoperatively and after 6 and 30 months, using ultrawide-field AF images (UWFI) (Optos 200Tx) and SD-OCT (Topcon 3D OCT-2000) imaging. Results: Of 84 patients (84 eyes) included at baseline, 100.0 and 86.9% were re-examined at month 6 and 30, respectively. Preoperative findings such as macular attachment, detachment > 750 μm from foveola, lack of intraretinal separation, and subfoveal elevation ≤ 500 μm were all associated with better BCVA at months 6 and 30. Postoperative disruption of the photoreceptor layer was associated with poor BCVA at month 6 (p < 0.001) but not at month 30. At baseline, AF-demarcation of RRD was demonstrated by a hyperfluorescent edge in 92.0% and was associated with visual impairment at months 6 (p = 0.003) and 30 (p = 0.003). Visual outcome at month 30 was good (≤ 0.3 logMAR (≥ 20/40 Snellen)), regardless of the preoperative, macular status. However, with significantly better visual outcome in patients with macula attachments versus partly or totally macular detachments (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Fundus AF and SD-OCT is able to identify retinal reestablishment up to 30 months after primary RRD, with good correlation to BCVA. These findings emphasize the importance of long-term studies for final visual recovery.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Vol/bind257
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)715-723
ISSN0721-832X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Optical Coherence Tomography
Retinal Detachment
Vitrectomy

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title = "Fundus autofluorescence and spectral domain optical coherence tomography as predictors for long-term functional outcome in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment",
abstract = "Purpose: To detect pre- and postoperative retinal changes in fundus autofluorescence (AF) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to correlate these with functional outcome in patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Methods: A prospective, 30-month study of patients operated with 25-gauge vitrectomy for primary RRD. Patients were examined preoperatively and after 6 and 30 months, using ultrawide-field AF images (UWFI) (Optos 200Tx) and SD-OCT (Topcon 3D OCT-2000) imaging. Results: Of 84 patients (84 eyes) included at baseline, 100.0 and 86.9{\%} were re-examined at month 6 and 30, respectively. Preoperative findings such as macular attachment, detachment > 750 μm from foveola, lack of intraretinal separation, and subfoveal elevation ≤ 500 μm were all associated with better BCVA at months 6 and 30. Postoperative disruption of the photoreceptor layer was associated with poor BCVA at month 6 (p < 0.001) but not at month 30. At baseline, AF-demarcation of RRD was demonstrated by a hyperfluorescent edge in 92.0{\%} and was associated with visual impairment at months 6 (p = 0.003) and 30 (p = 0.003). Visual outcome at month 30 was good (≤ 0.3 logMAR (≥ 20/40 Snellen)), regardless of the preoperative, macular status. However, with significantly better visual outcome in patients with macula attachments versus partly or totally macular detachments (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Fundus AF and SD-OCT is able to identify retinal reestablishment up to 30 months after primary RRD, with good correlation to BCVA. These findings emphasize the importance of long-term studies for final visual recovery.",
keywords = "Fundus autofluorescence, Long-term outcome, Optical coherence tomography, Visual outcome Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, Vitrectomy",
author = "Poulsen, {Christina Doefler} and Petersen, {M P} and A Green and T Peto and J Grauslund",
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doi = "10.1007/s00417-018-04222-w",
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Fundus autofluorescence and spectral domain optical coherence tomography as predictors for long-term functional outcome in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. / Poulsen, Christina Doefler; Petersen, M P; Green, A; Peto, T; Grauslund, J.

I: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, Bind 257, Nr. 4, 04.2019, s. 715-723.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fundus autofluorescence and spectral domain optical coherence tomography as predictors for long-term functional outcome in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

AU - Poulsen, Christina Doefler

AU - Petersen, M P

AU - Green, A

AU - Peto, T

AU - Grauslund, J

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - Purpose: To detect pre- and postoperative retinal changes in fundus autofluorescence (AF) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to correlate these with functional outcome in patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Methods: A prospective, 30-month study of patients operated with 25-gauge vitrectomy for primary RRD. Patients were examined preoperatively and after 6 and 30 months, using ultrawide-field AF images (UWFI) (Optos 200Tx) and SD-OCT (Topcon 3D OCT-2000) imaging. Results: Of 84 patients (84 eyes) included at baseline, 100.0 and 86.9% were re-examined at month 6 and 30, respectively. Preoperative findings such as macular attachment, detachment > 750 μm from foveola, lack of intraretinal separation, and subfoveal elevation ≤ 500 μm were all associated with better BCVA at months 6 and 30. Postoperative disruption of the photoreceptor layer was associated with poor BCVA at month 6 (p < 0.001) but not at month 30. At baseline, AF-demarcation of RRD was demonstrated by a hyperfluorescent edge in 92.0% and was associated with visual impairment at months 6 (p = 0.003) and 30 (p = 0.003). Visual outcome at month 30 was good (≤ 0.3 logMAR (≥ 20/40 Snellen)), regardless of the preoperative, macular status. However, with significantly better visual outcome in patients with macula attachments versus partly or totally macular detachments (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Fundus AF and SD-OCT is able to identify retinal reestablishment up to 30 months after primary RRD, with good correlation to BCVA. These findings emphasize the importance of long-term studies for final visual recovery.

AB - Purpose: To detect pre- and postoperative retinal changes in fundus autofluorescence (AF) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to correlate these with functional outcome in patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Methods: A prospective, 30-month study of patients operated with 25-gauge vitrectomy for primary RRD. Patients were examined preoperatively and after 6 and 30 months, using ultrawide-field AF images (UWFI) (Optos 200Tx) and SD-OCT (Topcon 3D OCT-2000) imaging. Results: Of 84 patients (84 eyes) included at baseline, 100.0 and 86.9% were re-examined at month 6 and 30, respectively. Preoperative findings such as macular attachment, detachment > 750 μm from foveola, lack of intraretinal separation, and subfoveal elevation ≤ 500 μm were all associated with better BCVA at months 6 and 30. Postoperative disruption of the photoreceptor layer was associated with poor BCVA at month 6 (p < 0.001) but not at month 30. At baseline, AF-demarcation of RRD was demonstrated by a hyperfluorescent edge in 92.0% and was associated with visual impairment at months 6 (p = 0.003) and 30 (p = 0.003). Visual outcome at month 30 was good (≤ 0.3 logMAR (≥ 20/40 Snellen)), regardless of the preoperative, macular status. However, with significantly better visual outcome in patients with macula attachments versus partly or totally macular detachments (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Fundus AF and SD-OCT is able to identify retinal reestablishment up to 30 months after primary RRD, with good correlation to BCVA. These findings emphasize the importance of long-term studies for final visual recovery.

KW - Fundus autofluorescence

KW - Long-term outcome

KW - Optical coherence tomography

KW - Visual outcome Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

KW - Vitrectomy

U2 - 10.1007/s00417-018-04222-w

DO - 10.1007/s00417-018-04222-w

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30617581

VL - 257

SP - 715

EP - 723

JO - Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

JF - Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

SN - 0721-832X

IS - 4

ER -