For the approval process of GMOs: The Japanese case

Maarten Punt, Ayako Ebata, Justus Wesseler

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

This article reviews the approval process of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Japan. The purpose of this review is to explain the Japanese safety approval procedures for food, feed, and imported GMOs and place it in an international context through a comparison with the United States and the European Union (EU). While the regulatory regime in the United States and EU is often discussed, little is understood about the Japanese regulations. However, Japan plays an important role in terms of biotechnological development as well as international trade through agricultural and food imports. Therefore, this article tries to fill the gap in the existing literature. Within Japanese regulations, GMOs are first tested following the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. In a second and final step, compliance with the national laws as well as food and feed safety is assessed. We also summarize the processes used in identity preservation and labeling of approved GMOs. The last section of the article reveals the pragmatic nature of Japanese GMO regulations as compared to the EU and the United States.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAgBioforum
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)140-160
ISSN1522-936X
StatusUdgivet - 2013
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk

genetically modified organisms
European Union
food law
Japan
Food
biosafety
international trade
compliance
imports
Genetically modified organisms
Safety

Citer dette

Punt, M., Ebata, A., & Wesseler, J. (2013). For the approval process of GMOs: The Japanese case. AgBioforum, 16(2), 140-160.
Punt, Maarten ; Ebata, Ayako ; Wesseler, Justus. / For the approval process of GMOs: The Japanese case. I: AgBioforum. 2013 ; Bind 16, Nr. 2. s. 140-160.
@article{67e652ff58ca4bcc896527eb2ba8e8aa,
title = "For the approval process of GMOs: The Japanese case",
abstract = "This article reviews the approval process of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Japan. The purpose of this review is to explain the Japanese safety approval procedures for food, feed, and imported GMOs and place it in an international context through a comparison with the United States and the European Union (EU). While the regulatory regime in the United States and EU is often discussed, little is understood about the Japanese regulations. However, Japan plays an important role in terms of biotechnological development as well as international trade through agricultural and food imports. Therefore, this article tries to fill the gap in the existing literature. Within Japanese regulations, GMOs are first tested following the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. In a second and final step, compliance with the national laws as well as food and feed safety is assessed. We also summarize the processes used in identity preservation and labeling of approved GMOs. The last section of the article reveals the pragmatic nature of Japanese GMO regulations as compared to the EU and the United States.",
keywords = "GMOs, policy making, Regulation, Japan, Genetically Modified Organisms",
author = "Maarten Punt and Ayako Ebata and Justus Wesseler",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "140--160",
journal = "AgBioforum",
issn = "1522-936X",
publisher = "University of Missouri, Columbia Agriculture & Engineering Department",
number = "2",

}

Punt, M, Ebata, A & Wesseler, J 2013, 'For the approval process of GMOs: The Japanese case', AgBioforum, bind 16, nr. 2, s. 140-160.

For the approval process of GMOs: The Japanese case. / Punt, Maarten ; Ebata, Ayako; Wesseler, Justus.

I: AgBioforum, Bind 16, Nr. 2, 2013, s. 140-160.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - For the approval process of GMOs: The Japanese case

AU - Punt, Maarten

AU - Ebata, Ayako

AU - Wesseler, Justus

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This article reviews the approval process of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Japan. The purpose of this review is to explain the Japanese safety approval procedures for food, feed, and imported GMOs and place it in an international context through a comparison with the United States and the European Union (EU). While the regulatory regime in the United States and EU is often discussed, little is understood about the Japanese regulations. However, Japan plays an important role in terms of biotechnological development as well as international trade through agricultural and food imports. Therefore, this article tries to fill the gap in the existing literature. Within Japanese regulations, GMOs are first tested following the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. In a second and final step, compliance with the national laws as well as food and feed safety is assessed. We also summarize the processes used in identity preservation and labeling of approved GMOs. The last section of the article reveals the pragmatic nature of Japanese GMO regulations as compared to the EU and the United States.

AB - This article reviews the approval process of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Japan. The purpose of this review is to explain the Japanese safety approval procedures for food, feed, and imported GMOs and place it in an international context through a comparison with the United States and the European Union (EU). While the regulatory regime in the United States and EU is often discussed, little is understood about the Japanese regulations. However, Japan plays an important role in terms of biotechnological development as well as international trade through agricultural and food imports. Therefore, this article tries to fill the gap in the existing literature. Within Japanese regulations, GMOs are first tested following the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. In a second and final step, compliance with the national laws as well as food and feed safety is assessed. We also summarize the processes used in identity preservation and labeling of approved GMOs. The last section of the article reveals the pragmatic nature of Japanese GMO regulations as compared to the EU and the United States.

KW - GMOs

KW - policy making

KW - Regulation

KW - Japan

KW - Genetically Modified Organisms

M3 - Journal article

VL - 16

SP - 140

EP - 160

JO - AgBioforum

JF - AgBioforum

SN - 1522-936X

IS - 2

ER -

Punt M, Ebata A, Wesseler J. For the approval process of GMOs: The Japanese case. AgBioforum. 2013;16(2):140-160.