Football training improves metabolic and cardiovascular health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes

M. B. Skoradal, P. Weihe, P. Patursson, J. Mortensen, L. Connolly, P. Krustrup, M. Mohr*

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

We examined the effects of 16 weeks of football training and dietary advice on blood glucose control and health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes. Fifty participants with prediabetes (age; 61 ± 6 years, BMI; 29.6 ± 4.7; VO2max 22.3 ± 5.7 mL·min-1·kg-1) were randomized into a football and dietary advice group (F+D; n = 27) and a dietary advice group (D; n = 23). F+D performed football training (twice weekly 30- to 60-minutes sessions) and received dietary advice, while D only received dietary advice. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was completed pre and post the 16-week period. Body composition, blood pressure, and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) were additionally measured. Both groups demonstrated a decrement (P < .05) in fasting blood glucose (-0.4 ± 0.5 mmol·L-1) and lowered blood glucose throughout OGTT. F+D displayed lower values than D (P < .05) after 60 minutes (9.0 ± 2.7 vs 10.6 ± 2.9 mmol·L-1) and 120 minutes (5.7 ± 1.6 vs 7.5 ± 2.4 mmol·L-1). VO2max increased by 14% in F+D, with a higher (P < .05) change score than in D (2%). Mean arterial pressure declined more (P < .05) in F+D than in D (-8 ± 9 vs -4 ± 11 mm Hg). Fat loss was greater (P < .05) in F+D than in D (-3.4 ± 2.8 vs -1.2 ± 2.0 kg), and the increase in lean body mass was also greater (P < .05) in F+D than in D (0.7 ± 1.5 vs -0.3 ± 1.6 kg). In conclusion, football training combined with dietary advice has broad-spectrum effects on metabolic and cardiovascular health profile with greater overall effects than professional dietary advice per se for 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Vol/bind28
Udgave nummerSupplement 1
Sider (fra-til)42-51
ISSN0905-7188
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2018

Fingeraftryk

Prediabetic State
Football
Glucose Tolerance Test
Fasting
Arterial Pressure
Fats
Oxygen
Health

Citer dette

@article{a1e9f1df86bc46f0b19db5bfad4b1361,
title = "Football training improves metabolic and cardiovascular health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes",
abstract = "We examined the effects of 16 weeks of football training and dietary advice on blood glucose control and health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes. Fifty participants with prediabetes (age; 61 ± 6 years, BMI; 29.6 ± 4.7; VO2max 22.3 ± 5.7 mL·min-1·kg-1) were randomized into a football and dietary advice group (F+D; n = 27) and a dietary advice group (D; n = 23). F+D performed football training (twice weekly 30- to 60-minutes sessions) and received dietary advice, while D only received dietary advice. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was completed pre and post the 16-week period. Body composition, blood pressure, and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) were additionally measured. Both groups demonstrated a decrement (P < .05) in fasting blood glucose (-0.4 ± 0.5 mmol·L-1) and lowered blood glucose throughout OGTT. F+D displayed lower values than D (P < .05) after 60 minutes (9.0 ± 2.7 vs 10.6 ± 2.9 mmol·L-1) and 120 minutes (5.7 ± 1.6 vs 7.5 ± 2.4 mmol·L-1). VO2max increased by 14{\%} in F+D, with a higher (P < .05) change score than in D (2{\%}). Mean arterial pressure declined more (P < .05) in F+D than in D (-8 ± 9 vs -4 ± 11 mm Hg). Fat loss was greater (P < .05) in F+D than in D (-3.4 ± 2.8 vs -1.2 ± 2.0 kg), and the increase in lean body mass was also greater (P < .05) in F+D than in D (0.7 ± 1.5 vs -0.3 ± 1.6 kg). In conclusion, football training combined with dietary advice has broad-spectrum effects on metabolic and cardiovascular health profile with greater overall effects than professional dietary advice per se for 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes.",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Cardiometabolic fitness, Cholesterol, Fat percentage, Soccer, VO, blood pressure, soccer, fat percentage, cholesterol, cardiometabolic fitness, Blood Pressure, Body Composition, Prediabetic State/therapy, Humans, Middle Aged, Male, Health Promotion, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Oxygen Consumption, Blood Glucose, Cardiovascular System, Diet, Denmark, Aged",
author = "Skoradal, {M. B.} and P. Weihe and P. Patursson and J. Mortensen and L. Connolly and P. Krustrup and M. Mohr",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1111/sms.13081",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "42--51",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports",
issn = "0905-7188",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "Supplement 1",

}

Football training improves metabolic and cardiovascular health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes. / Skoradal, M. B.; Weihe, P.; Patursson, P.; Mortensen, J.; Connolly, L.; Krustrup, P.; Mohr, M.

I: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Bind 28, Nr. Supplement 1, 08.2018, s. 42-51.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Football training improves metabolic and cardiovascular health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes

AU - Skoradal, M. B.

AU - Weihe, P.

AU - Patursson, P.

AU - Mortensen, J.

AU - Connolly, L.

AU - Krustrup, P.

AU - Mohr, M.

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - We examined the effects of 16 weeks of football training and dietary advice on blood glucose control and health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes. Fifty participants with prediabetes (age; 61 ± 6 years, BMI; 29.6 ± 4.7; VO2max 22.3 ± 5.7 mL·min-1·kg-1) were randomized into a football and dietary advice group (F+D; n = 27) and a dietary advice group (D; n = 23). F+D performed football training (twice weekly 30- to 60-minutes sessions) and received dietary advice, while D only received dietary advice. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was completed pre and post the 16-week period. Body composition, blood pressure, and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) were additionally measured. Both groups demonstrated a decrement (P < .05) in fasting blood glucose (-0.4 ± 0.5 mmol·L-1) and lowered blood glucose throughout OGTT. F+D displayed lower values than D (P < .05) after 60 minutes (9.0 ± 2.7 vs 10.6 ± 2.9 mmol·L-1) and 120 minutes (5.7 ± 1.6 vs 7.5 ± 2.4 mmol·L-1). VO2max increased by 14% in F+D, with a higher (P < .05) change score than in D (2%). Mean arterial pressure declined more (P < .05) in F+D than in D (-8 ± 9 vs -4 ± 11 mm Hg). Fat loss was greater (P < .05) in F+D than in D (-3.4 ± 2.8 vs -1.2 ± 2.0 kg), and the increase in lean body mass was also greater (P < .05) in F+D than in D (0.7 ± 1.5 vs -0.3 ± 1.6 kg). In conclusion, football training combined with dietary advice has broad-spectrum effects on metabolic and cardiovascular health profile with greater overall effects than professional dietary advice per se for 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes.

AB - We examined the effects of 16 weeks of football training and dietary advice on blood glucose control and health status in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes. Fifty participants with prediabetes (age; 61 ± 6 years, BMI; 29.6 ± 4.7; VO2max 22.3 ± 5.7 mL·min-1·kg-1) were randomized into a football and dietary advice group (F+D; n = 27) and a dietary advice group (D; n = 23). F+D performed football training (twice weekly 30- to 60-minutes sessions) and received dietary advice, while D only received dietary advice. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was completed pre and post the 16-week period. Body composition, blood pressure, and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) were additionally measured. Both groups demonstrated a decrement (P < .05) in fasting blood glucose (-0.4 ± 0.5 mmol·L-1) and lowered blood glucose throughout OGTT. F+D displayed lower values than D (P < .05) after 60 minutes (9.0 ± 2.7 vs 10.6 ± 2.9 mmol·L-1) and 120 minutes (5.7 ± 1.6 vs 7.5 ± 2.4 mmol·L-1). VO2max increased by 14% in F+D, with a higher (P < .05) change score than in D (2%). Mean arterial pressure declined more (P < .05) in F+D than in D (-8 ± 9 vs -4 ± 11 mm Hg). Fat loss was greater (P < .05) in F+D than in D (-3.4 ± 2.8 vs -1.2 ± 2.0 kg), and the increase in lean body mass was also greater (P < .05) in F+D than in D (0.7 ± 1.5 vs -0.3 ± 1.6 kg). In conclusion, football training combined with dietary advice has broad-spectrum effects on metabolic and cardiovascular health profile with greater overall effects than professional dietary advice per se for 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes.

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Cardiometabolic fitness

KW - Cholesterol

KW - Fat percentage

KW - Soccer

KW - VO

KW - blood pressure

KW - soccer

KW - fat percentage

KW - cholesterol

KW - cardiometabolic fitness

KW - Blood Pressure

KW - Body Composition

KW - Prediabetic State/therapy

KW - Humans

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Male

KW - Health Promotion

KW - Cardiorespiratory Fitness

KW - Oxygen Consumption

KW - Blood Glucose

KW - Cardiovascular System

KW - Diet

KW - Denmark

KW - Aged

U2 - 10.1111/sms.13081

DO - 10.1111/sms.13081

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29718556

AN - SCOPUS:85046460646

VL - 28

SP - 42

EP - 51

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

SN - 0905-7188

IS - Supplement 1

ER -