INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by increased central fat mass (CFM), hyper-inflammation, and hemostatic alterations; the risk of cardiovascular disease may also be increased. Reduced fibrin lysability is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The present study assessed fibrin lysability in women with PCOS and controls of similar age and body mass index.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety women with PCOS and 35 controls of comparable age and body mass index were included. Hemostatic markers (fibrin lysability, fibrinogen, coagulation factor XIII, plasminogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 [PAI-1], plasmin inhibitor, thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), D-dimer), C-reactive protein (CRP), body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, CFM determined by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan, and sex hormones (testosterone estradiol, and sex hormone binding globulin) were determined.
RESULTS: TAFI and CRP were higher in women with PCOS, than controls. In women with PCOS, fibrin lysability correlated with CFM, waist-to-hip ratio, CRP, fibrinogen, and all hemostatic variables (P ≤ .004) except TAFI and D-dimer. CFM correlated with fibrinogen, CRP, coagulation factor XIII, waist-to-hip ratio, plasminogen, PAI-1, plasmin inhibitor, and TAFI (P < .02). In controls, fibrin lysability correlated with CFM, fibrinogen, coagulation factor XIII, and plasmin inhibitor (P ≤ .02). CFM correlated with PAI-1, plasmin inhibitor, coagulation factor XIII, fibrinogen, and CRP (P ≤ .05). Stepwise regression analysis revealed that fibrin lysability was associated with CFM, fibrinogen and CRP in women with PCOS (r2 = .46, P ≤ .001), but only with CFM in controls (r2 = .28, P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: Fibrin lysability was comparable in women with PCOS and controls. Fibrin lysability was associated with CFM and hyper-inflammation in women with PCOS, but only with CFM in controls. These findings suggest that obese women with PCOS and augmented inflammation could have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.