BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on fast-track protocols in relation to revision knee arthroplasty. Hence, the aim of this study was to report length of stay (LOS), risk of LOS > 5 days and readmission ≤ 90 days after revision knee arthroplasty in centers with a well-established fast-track protocol in both primary and revision surgery.
METHODS: An observational cohort study from the Centre for Fast-track Hip and Knee Replacement and the Danish Knee Arthroplasty Register. We included elective aseptic major component revision knee arthroplasties consecutively from 6 dedicated fast-track centers from 2010 to 2018.
RESULTS: 1439 revision knee arthroplasties were analyzed, including 900 total revisions, 171 large partial revisions (revision of either femoral or tibia component) and 368 revisions of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Mean age was 65 years (SD 10.9) and 66% were females. Mean LOS was 3.7 days (SD 3.9) in the study period, but decreased to 2.4 days (SD 1.3) in 2018. Risk factors for LOS > 5 days was ≥ 1 previous revision, use of walking aid, BMI > 35, ages < 50, 70-79 and ≥ 80 years, whereas revision of UKA to TKA and large partial revision were negatively associated. The 90-day readmission and mortality risk was 9.1% and 0.5%. Cardiac disease and use of walking aid were associated with increased risk of readmission ≤ 90 days.
CONCLUSION: Elective aseptic major component revision knee arthroplasty using similar fast-track protocols as in primary TKA is safe with short and decreasing LOS.