Recent years have seen a growing number of survivors from haematological malignancies. As biology and treatment for these malignancies differ from other malignancies, we performed a systematic literature review of factors associated with work outcome for these survivors. A systematic literature search was conducted. Eight studies with different methodology and characteristics met the inclusion criteria. Three prospective studies agreed, to a high extent, on their findings, whereas results of five cross-sectional studies collectively were inconclusive. Overall, this review - like reviews on other cancer survivors - found no certain association of single factors with work outcome. However, based on possible explanations of the converging findings, this review pinpointed a number of issues that may inform future studies. The design should preferably be prospective, including comparison with age-paired cancer-free individuals. The role of co-morbidity and of differences between haematological diagnoses ought to be established, and work outcomes must be well defined and recorded with valid methods. To establish cause-effect relations, factors possibly associated to work outcome should be evaluated at an early time point after diagnosis. Such studies would assist identification of individuals at increased risk of encountering work-related problems and would hence help establish knowledge on which rehabilitation measures could rest.