Facilitators’ simultaneous use of speech and a communication aid in second pair part responses to aided turns

Maja Sigurd Pilesjö, Niklas Norén

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Title: Facilitators’ simultaneous use of speech and a communication aid in second pair part responses to aided turns
Abstract: Atypically developing children who do not develop speech but rely on augmentative means, for example communication aids, do not have the same access to adult language models as typically developing children. This is a pedagogical challenge for speech and language therapists, because learning to communicate through augmentative means also requires long-term support and facilitators who demonstrate how to employ augmentative means in everyday interaction. Therefore, currently employed intervention methods recommend facilitators in clinical practice as well as in home environments to use augmentative means to indicate words and symbols while speaking (Drager et al., 2006, Binger & Light, 2007). However, the documented knowledge of what these methods accomplish in everyday interaction is scarce. One key aspect of meaning making in interaction is the sequential organization of spoken and communication aid-mediated turns. The sequentiality of the aided turns is understood as a possible resource to co-participants’ understanding when the aided turn is a second, for example an answer to a question that provides a context for it’s meaning (Clarke & Wilkinson, 2008). Co-participants’ responses to aided turns, especially reformulations, are understood as an important sequential context for the scaffolding of children’s language development (Clarke, Soto & Nelson, 2017). This paper investigates instances where facilitators employ both speech and augmentative means in second pair part responses to the augmented communicator´s indication of a picture/symbol/word in everyday interaction. Participants in the video recordings are seven children and young adults with severe speech impairment due to cerebral palsy and autism, at different cognitive levels. The co-participants (and communicative facilitators) are everyday communication partners, such as the mother, grandmother, speech and language therapist, carer, and teacher. The analysis demonstrates that facilitators' simultaneous use of speech and communication aid (a spoken/aided move) comes about as different practices within different actions. The spoken/aided move is positioned differently within the responsive turn, e.g. as turn initial, medial or final, as in the following examples (word in capital letters indicates pointing at communication aid): ChildA:___WE WAIT FOR 0Teach1:_zeroTeach2:_THERAPIST/ or is it on thera- (.) is it therapist.ChildB:____HOME ((points at SLT))Carer:_____do you mean home/HOME with me ChildC:___GIRLSLT:_____a girl? do you mean (.) sister/SISTER SISTER SISTERThe facilitator mainly indicates one word/symbol, sometimes repeated with a tapping sound. Recurrent actions are confirmations and repair work on the possible meanings of the previous aided turn. The relevance for communication intervention is discussed. ReferencesBinger, Cathy; Light, Janice (2007) The Effect of Aided AAC Modeling on the Expression of Multi-Symbol Messages by Preschoolers who use AAC, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 23:1, 30-43.Clarke, Michael; Soto, Gloria; Nelson Keith (2017) Language learning, recasts, and interaction involving AAC: background and potential for intervention, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 33:1, 42-50.Clarke, Michael; Wilkinson, Ray (2008) Interaction between Children with Cerebral Palsyand their Peers 2: Understanding Initiated VOCA-Mediated Turns, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 24:1, 3-15.Drager, Kathryn; Postal, Valerie, Carrolus, Leanne; Castellano, Megan, Gagliano, Christine, Glynn, Jennifer (2006) The Effect of Aided Language Modeling on Symbol Comprehension and Production in 2 Preschollers With Autism, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 15, 112-125.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato11. jul. 2018
StatusUdgivet - 11. jul. 2018
BegivenhedInternational Conference for Conversation Analysis 2018 - Loughborough, England
Varighed: 11. jul. 2018 → …

Konference

KonferenceInternational Conference for Conversation Analysis 2018
LokationLoughborough, England
Periode11/07/2018 → …

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