Exploring BPA alternatives – Environmental levels and toxicity review

Ondrej Adamovsky*, Ksenia J. Groh, Anna Białk-Bielińska, Beate I. Escher, R. Beaudouin, Liadys Mora Lagares, Knut Erik Tollefsen, Martina Fenske, Ewa Mulkiewicz, Nicolas Creusot, Anita Sosnowska, Susana Loureiro, Jonny Beyer, Guillermo Repetto, Alja Štern, Isabel Lopes, Marta Monteiro, Andrea Zikova-Kloas, Tina Eleršek, Marjan VračkoSzymon Zdybel, Tomasz Puzyn, Weronika Koczur, Jane Ebsen Morthorst, Henrik Holbech, Gunnar Carlsson, Stefan Örn, Óscar Herrero, Ayesha Siddique, Matthias Liess, Georg Braun, Vanessa Srebny, Bojana Žegura, Nathalie Hinfray, François Brion, Dries Knapen, Ellen Vandeputte, Evelyn Stinckens, Lucia Vergauwen, Lars Behrendt, Maria João Silva, Ludek Blaha, Katerina Kyriakopoulou


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Bisphenol A alternatives are manufactured as potentially less harmful substitutes of bisphenol A (BPA) that offer similar functionality. These alternatives are already in the market, entering the environment and thus raising ecological concerns. However, it can be expected that levels of BPA alternatives will dominate in the future, they are limited information on their environmental safety. The EU PARC project highlights BPA alternatives as priority chemicals and consolidates information on BPA alternatives, with a focus on environmental relevance and on the identification of the research gaps. The review highlighted aspects and future perspectives. In brief, an extension of environmental monitoring is crucial, extending it to cover BPA alternatives to track their levels and facilitate the timely implementation of mitigation measures. The biological activity has been studied for BPA alternatives, but in a non-systematic way and prioritized a limited number of chemicals. For several BPA alternatives, the data has already provided substantial evidence regarding their potential harm to the environment. We stress the importance of conducting more comprehensive assessments that go beyond the traditional reproductive studies and focus on overlooked relevant endpoints. Future research should also consider mixture effects, realistic environmental concentrations, and the long-term consequences on biota and ecosystems.

TidsskriftEnvironment International
Antal sider29
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2024


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