European undergraduate curriculum in geriatric medicine developed using an international modified Delphi technique

T. Masud, A. Blundell, A. L. Gordon, K. Mulpeter, R. Roller, K. Singler, A. Goeldlin, A. Stuck

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Introduction: the rise in the number of older, frail adults necessitates that future doctors are adequately trained in the skills of geriatric medicine. Few countries have dedicated curricula in geriatric medicine at the undergraduate level. The aim of this project was to develop a consensus among geriatricians on a curriculum with the minimal requirements that a medical student should achieve by the end of medical school. Methods: a modified Delphi process was used. First, educational experts and geriatricians proposed a set of learning objectives based on a literature review. Second, three Delphi rounds involving a panel with 49 experts representing 29 countries affiliated to the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) was used to gain consensus for a final curriculum. Results: the number of disagreements following Delphi Rounds 1 and 2 were 81 and 53, respectively. Complete agreement was reached following the third round. The final curriculum consisted of detailed objectives grouped under 10 overarching learning outcomes. Discussion: a consensus on the minimum requirements of geriatric learning objectives for medical students has been agreed by European geriatricians. Major efforts will be needed to implement these requirements, given the large variation in the quality of geriatric teaching in medical schools. This curriculum is a first step to help improve teaching of geriatrics in medical schools, and will also serve as a basis for advancing postgraduate training in geriatrics across Europe.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAge and Ageing
Vol/bind43
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)695-702
ISSN0002-0729
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014

Bibliografisk note

ISI Document Delivery No.: AQ4ES Times Cited: 3 Cited Reference Count: 28 Masud, Tahir Blundell, Adrian Gordon, Adam Lee Mulpeter, Ken Roller, Regina Singler, Katrin Goeldlin, Adrian Stuck, Andreas Department of Geriatrics, University of Bern The panel members who participated in the Delphi process and agree with the final version of the curriculum are as follows: Fruwald T, Pinter G (Austria), Lambert M, Petermans J (Belgium), Staykova T (Bulgaria), Topinkova E (Czech Republic), Holm E, Van der Mark S (Denmark), Kolk H (Estonia), Nuotio M, Valvanne J (Finland), Franco A (France), Luttje D (Germany), Spatharakis G (Greece), Bako G (Hungary), Jonsson P (Iceland), Mulpeter K (Ireland), Clarfield M (Israel), Barbagallo M, Rozzini R (Italy), Macijauskiene J (Lithuania), Fiorini A, Vassallo M (Malta), Krulder J, Mattace-Raco F (Netherlands), Svendsen T (Norway), Wieczorowska-Tobis K (Poland), Clara G (Portugal), Prada G (Romania), Davidovic M, Erceg P (Serbia), Krajcik S (Slovakia), Veninsek G (Slovenia), Arino-Blasco S (Spain), Ekdahl A, Eriksdotter M (Sweden), Bula C, Stuck A (Switzerland), Cankurtan M, Curgunlu A (Turkey), Masud T (United Kingdom), Vilches-Moraga A (Teaching Expert, Spain). Participating panel members expressed their personal opinions which might not reflect the position of the institutions or organisations they represent. All panel members (delegates and observers of the UEMS-GMS) are listed in alphabetical order of the countries they represent. The expert group consisted of three UEMS-GMS delegates (KM, AES, TM) and six additional experts who were asked to participate for their teaching experience (AB, ALG, RR, KS, AG, AVM). We also acknowledge Olav Sletvold (Norway) and Leo Boelaarts (Netherlands) who were involved in development planning but left the UEMS-GMS before the Delphi process commenced. We also thank the Department of Geriatrics, University of Bern for financial support for the Delphi process. 3 OXFORD UNIV PRESS OXFORD AGE AGEING

Citer dette

Masud, T. ; Blundell, A. ; Gordon, A. L. ; Mulpeter, K. ; Roller, R. ; Singler, K. ; Goeldlin, A. ; Stuck, A. / European undergraduate curriculum in geriatric medicine developed using an international modified Delphi technique. I: Age and Ageing. 2014 ; Bind 43, Nr. 5. s. 695-702.
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title = "European undergraduate curriculum in geriatric medicine developed using an international modified Delphi technique",
abstract = "Introduction: the rise in the number of older, frail adults necessitates that future doctors are adequately trained in the skills of geriatric medicine. Few countries have dedicated curricula in geriatric medicine at the undergraduate level. The aim of this project was to develop a consensus among geriatricians on a curriculum with the minimal requirements that a medical student should achieve by the end of medical school. Methods: a modified Delphi process was used. First, educational experts and geriatricians proposed a set of learning objectives based on a literature review. Second, three Delphi rounds involving a panel with 49 experts representing 29 countries affiliated to the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) was used to gain consensus for a final curriculum. Results: the number of disagreements following Delphi Rounds 1 and 2 were 81 and 53, respectively. Complete agreement was reached following the third round. The final curriculum consisted of detailed objectives grouped under 10 overarching learning outcomes. Discussion: a consensus on the minimum requirements of geriatric learning objectives for medical students has been agreed by European geriatricians. Major efforts will be needed to implement these requirements, given the large variation in the quality of geriatric teaching in medical schools. This curriculum is a first step to help improve teaching of geriatrics in medical schools, and will also serve as a basis for advancing postgraduate training in geriatrics across Europe.",
keywords = "European undergraduate curriculum geriatric medicine consensus Delphi CARE STUDENTS",
author = "T. Masud and A. Blundell and Gordon, {A. L.} and K. Mulpeter and R. Roller and K. Singler and A. Goeldlin and A. Stuck",
note = "ISI Document Delivery No.: AQ4ES Times Cited: 3 Cited Reference Count: 28 Masud, Tahir Blundell, Adrian Gordon, Adam Lee Mulpeter, Ken Roller, Regina Singler, Katrin Goeldlin, Adrian Stuck, Andreas Department of Geriatrics, University of Bern The panel members who participated in the Delphi process and agree with the final version of the curriculum are as follows: Fruwald T, Pinter G (Austria), Lambert M, Petermans J (Belgium), Staykova T (Bulgaria), Topinkova E (Czech Republic), Holm E, Van der Mark S (Denmark), Kolk H (Estonia), Nuotio M, Valvanne J (Finland), Franco A (France), Luttje D (Germany), Spatharakis G (Greece), Bako G (Hungary), Jonsson P (Iceland), Mulpeter K (Ireland), Clarfield M (Israel), Barbagallo M, Rozzini R (Italy), Macijauskiene J (Lithuania), Fiorini A, Vassallo M (Malta), Krulder J, Mattace-Raco F (Netherlands), Svendsen T (Norway), Wieczorowska-Tobis K (Poland), Clara G (Portugal), Prada G (Romania), Davidovic M, Erceg P (Serbia), Krajcik S (Slovakia), Veninsek G (Slovenia), Arino-Blasco S (Spain), Ekdahl A, Eriksdotter M (Sweden), Bula C, Stuck A (Switzerland), Cankurtan M, Curgunlu A (Turkey), Masud T (United Kingdom), Vilches-Moraga A (Teaching Expert, Spain). Participating panel members expressed their personal opinions which might not reflect the position of the institutions or organisations they represent. All panel members (delegates and observers of the UEMS-GMS) are listed in alphabetical order of the countries they represent. The expert group consisted of three UEMS-GMS delegates (KM, AES, TM) and six additional experts who were asked to participate for their teaching experience (AB, ALG, RR, KS, AG, AVM). We also acknowledge Olav Sletvold (Norway) and Leo Boelaarts (Netherlands) who were involved in development planning but left the UEMS-GMS before the Delphi process commenced. We also thank the Department of Geriatrics, University of Bern for financial support for the Delphi process. 3 OXFORD UNIV PRESS OXFORD AGE AGEING",
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Masud, T, Blundell, A, Gordon, AL, Mulpeter, K, Roller, R, Singler, K, Goeldlin, A & Stuck, A 2014, 'European undergraduate curriculum in geriatric medicine developed using an international modified Delphi technique', Age and Ageing, bind 43, nr. 5, s. 695-702. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afu019

European undergraduate curriculum in geriatric medicine developed using an international modified Delphi technique. / Masud, T.; Blundell, A.; Gordon, A. L.; Mulpeter, K.; Roller, R.; Singler, K.; Goeldlin, A.; Stuck, A.

I: Age and Ageing, Bind 43, Nr. 5, 2014, s. 695-702.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - European undergraduate curriculum in geriatric medicine developed using an international modified Delphi technique

AU - Masud, T.

AU - Blundell, A.

AU - Gordon, A. L.

AU - Mulpeter, K.

AU - Roller, R.

AU - Singler, K.

AU - Goeldlin, A.

AU - Stuck, A.

N1 - ISI Document Delivery No.: AQ4ES Times Cited: 3 Cited Reference Count: 28 Masud, Tahir Blundell, Adrian Gordon, Adam Lee Mulpeter, Ken Roller, Regina Singler, Katrin Goeldlin, Adrian Stuck, Andreas Department of Geriatrics, University of Bern The panel members who participated in the Delphi process and agree with the final version of the curriculum are as follows: Fruwald T, Pinter G (Austria), Lambert M, Petermans J (Belgium), Staykova T (Bulgaria), Topinkova E (Czech Republic), Holm E, Van der Mark S (Denmark), Kolk H (Estonia), Nuotio M, Valvanne J (Finland), Franco A (France), Luttje D (Germany), Spatharakis G (Greece), Bako G (Hungary), Jonsson P (Iceland), Mulpeter K (Ireland), Clarfield M (Israel), Barbagallo M, Rozzini R (Italy), Macijauskiene J (Lithuania), Fiorini A, Vassallo M (Malta), Krulder J, Mattace-Raco F (Netherlands), Svendsen T (Norway), Wieczorowska-Tobis K (Poland), Clara G (Portugal), Prada G (Romania), Davidovic M, Erceg P (Serbia), Krajcik S (Slovakia), Veninsek G (Slovenia), Arino-Blasco S (Spain), Ekdahl A, Eriksdotter M (Sweden), Bula C, Stuck A (Switzerland), Cankurtan M, Curgunlu A (Turkey), Masud T (United Kingdom), Vilches-Moraga A (Teaching Expert, Spain). Participating panel members expressed their personal opinions which might not reflect the position of the institutions or organisations they represent. All panel members (delegates and observers of the UEMS-GMS) are listed in alphabetical order of the countries they represent. The expert group consisted of three UEMS-GMS delegates (KM, AES, TM) and six additional experts who were asked to participate for their teaching experience (AB, ALG, RR, KS, AG, AVM). We also acknowledge Olav Sletvold (Norway) and Leo Boelaarts (Netherlands) who were involved in development planning but left the UEMS-GMS before the Delphi process commenced. We also thank the Department of Geriatrics, University of Bern for financial support for the Delphi process. 3 OXFORD UNIV PRESS OXFORD AGE AGEING

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Introduction: the rise in the number of older, frail adults necessitates that future doctors are adequately trained in the skills of geriatric medicine. Few countries have dedicated curricula in geriatric medicine at the undergraduate level. The aim of this project was to develop a consensus among geriatricians on a curriculum with the minimal requirements that a medical student should achieve by the end of medical school. Methods: a modified Delphi process was used. First, educational experts and geriatricians proposed a set of learning objectives based on a literature review. Second, three Delphi rounds involving a panel with 49 experts representing 29 countries affiliated to the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) was used to gain consensus for a final curriculum. Results: the number of disagreements following Delphi Rounds 1 and 2 were 81 and 53, respectively. Complete agreement was reached following the third round. The final curriculum consisted of detailed objectives grouped under 10 overarching learning outcomes. Discussion: a consensus on the minimum requirements of geriatric learning objectives for medical students has been agreed by European geriatricians. Major efforts will be needed to implement these requirements, given the large variation in the quality of geriatric teaching in medical schools. This curriculum is a first step to help improve teaching of geriatrics in medical schools, and will also serve as a basis for advancing postgraduate training in geriatrics across Europe.

AB - Introduction: the rise in the number of older, frail adults necessitates that future doctors are adequately trained in the skills of geriatric medicine. Few countries have dedicated curricula in geriatric medicine at the undergraduate level. The aim of this project was to develop a consensus among geriatricians on a curriculum with the minimal requirements that a medical student should achieve by the end of medical school. Methods: a modified Delphi process was used. First, educational experts and geriatricians proposed a set of learning objectives based on a literature review. Second, three Delphi rounds involving a panel with 49 experts representing 29 countries affiliated to the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) was used to gain consensus for a final curriculum. Results: the number of disagreements following Delphi Rounds 1 and 2 were 81 and 53, respectively. Complete agreement was reached following the third round. The final curriculum consisted of detailed objectives grouped under 10 overarching learning outcomes. Discussion: a consensus on the minimum requirements of geriatric learning objectives for medical students has been agreed by European geriatricians. Major efforts will be needed to implement these requirements, given the large variation in the quality of geriatric teaching in medical schools. This curriculum is a first step to help improve teaching of geriatrics in medical schools, and will also serve as a basis for advancing postgraduate training in geriatrics across Europe.

KW - European undergraduate curriculum geriatric medicine consensus Delphi CARE STUDENTS

U2 - 10.1093/ageing/afu019

DO - 10.1093/ageing/afu019

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24603283

VL - 43

SP - 695

EP - 702

JO - Age and Ageing

JF - Age and Ageing

SN - 0002-0729

IS - 5

ER -