Epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I upregulate the expression of the epidermal growth factor system in rat liver

M V Bor, B S Sørensen, L Vinter-Jensen, A Flyvbjerg, S B Pedersen, E Nexø

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Abstrakt

BACKGROUND/AIM: Both epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I play a role in connection with the liver. In the present study, the possible interaction of these two growth factor systems was studied by investigating the effect of epidermal growth factor or insulin-like growth factor I treatment on the expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor, and its activating ligands, transforming growth factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor.

METHODS: Fifty-five male rats received no treatment, human recombinant epidermal growth factor or human recombinant insulin-like growth factor I for either 3 or 7 days. The amount of epidermal growth factor receptor, transforming growth factor-alpha, and epidermal growth factor mRNA was quantitated by a calibrated user-friendly RT-PCR assay (CURT-PCR), and the expression of transforming growth factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor peptides was quantitated by ELISA.

RESULTS: Control liver (n=16) contained a mean (+/-SD) value of 12.7+/-7.4x10(-18) mol epidermal growth factor receptor mRNA, 3.8+/-2.0x10(-18) mol transforming growth factor-alpha mRNA and 0.8+/-0.4x10(-18) mol epidermal growth factor mRNA per microg total RNA and 9.8+/-1.6 fmol/mg protein epidermal growth factor and 144+/-22 fmol/mg protein transforming growth factor-alpha. Both epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I treatment increased the expression of mRNA for transforming growth factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor receptor, as well as the expression of transforming growth factor-alpha peptide. The level of epidermal growth factor receptor and transforming growth factor-alpha mRNA expression was found to correlate both in control and growth factor-treated animals, whereas the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor and epidermal growth factor showed no correlation. Marked differences were seen upon activation of the two growth factor systems, as epidermal growth factor, but not insulin-like growth factor I treatment, increased the plasma concentration of urea and decreased the concentration of insulin-like growth factor I and the liver enzymes, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase.

CONCLUSION: Our results show that epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I, which belong to two different growth factor systems, both induce a correlated upregulation of transforming growth factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor receptor mRNA in rat liver. Although marked differences were observed after treatment with either epidermal growth factor or insulin-like growth factor I on the liver as reflected in the plasma concentrations of e.g. liver enzymes, a common motif in their action involves an upregulation of the expression of the epidermal growth factor system.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Hepatology
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)645-654
ISSN0168-8278
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2000
Udgivet eksterntJa

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