Epidemiology of orofacial clefts in a Danish county over 35 years: Before and after implementation of a prenatal screening programme for congenital anomalies

Eva Berenth Paaske, Ester Garne*

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

In 2004 the Danish National Board of Health changed its screening recommendations. Since 2005 a first trimester screening for Down syndrome and a prenatal ultrasound screening for congenital anomalies in the second trimester of pregnancy has been offered to all pregnant women. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of cleft lip with or without cleft palate and cleft palate in a Danish area and to describe associated anomalies and the development in prenatal diagnosis over time. The study was based on data from the EUROCAT Registry for Funen County. The registry is based on multiple data sources and includes information about live births, fetal deaths with a gestational age >20 weeks and terminations of pregnancy after prenatal diagnosis of severe fetal anomaly. The study included all fetuses/infants out of a population of 182,907 births diagnosed with orofacial clefts born between 1980 and 2014. There were 271 cases diagnosed with cleft lip with or without cleft palate and 127 cases diagnosed with cleft palate, giving a prevalence of 14.8 per 10,000 births for cleft lip with or without cleft palate and 6.9 per 10,000 births for cleft palate. There were no significant changes in prevalence over time for the two anomalies, calculated with and without inclusion of genetic and chromosomal cases. Overall 66 cases were diagnosed prenatally (17% of total). For isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate none of the 157 cases born before 2005 were diagnosed prenatally compared to 34 of 58 cases (59%) born in 2005–2014 (p < 0.01). The proportion of liveborn infants with multiple congenital anomalies also changed after 2005 with 15% (39/266) of all liveborn infants with orofacial clefts born 1980–2004 having multiple anomalies compared to 7% (7/96) in 2005–2014 (p < 0.05). The implementation of the new screening programme in 2005 has given a major change in prenatal detection rate and reduced the proportion of liveborn infants with orofacial clefts classified as multiple congenital anomaly cases. The prevalence of cleft lip with or without cleft palate was higher than reported from many other countries.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
Vol/bind61
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)489-492
ISSN1769-7212
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2018

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