Enhanced sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release following intermittent sprint training

Niels Ørtenblad, Per Lunde, Kasper Levin, Jesper Løvind Andersen, P K Pedersen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

To evaluate the effect of intermittent sprint training on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function, nine young men performed a 5 wk high-intensity intermittent bicycle training, and six served as controls. SR function was evaluated from resting vastus lateralis muscle biopsies, before and after the training period. Intermittent sprint performance (ten 8-s all-out periods alternating with 32-s recovery) was enhanced 12% (P <0.01) after training. The 5-wk sprint training induced a significantly higher (P <0.05) peak rate of AgNO(3)-stimulated Ca(2+) release from 709 (range 560-877; before) to 774 (596-977) arbitrary units Ca(2+). g protein(-1). min(-1) (after). The relative SR density of functional ryanodine receptors (RyR) remained unchanged after training; there was, however, a 48% (P <0.05) increase in total number of RyR. No significant differences in Ca(2+) uptake rate and Ca(2+)-ATPase capacity were observed following the training, despite that the relative density of Ca(2+)-ATPase isoforms SERCA1 and SERCA2 had increased 41% and 55%, respectively (P <0.05). These data suggest that high-intensity training induces an enhanced peak SR Ca(2+) release, due to an enhanced total volume of SR, whereas SR Ca(2+) sequestration function is not altered.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Vol/bind279
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)R152-60
ISSN0363-6119
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2000

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